review ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ó Guy Deutscher
A New Language Glass PDFEPUB #191 York Times Editor's ChoiceAn Economist Best Book of A Financial Times Best Book of A Library Journal Best Book of The debate is ages old Where does language come Through the ePUB #9734 from Is it an artifact of our culture or written in our very DNA In recent year. Technological Kickback Language is a form of technology perhaps the source technology from which all others are generated even if academic linguists have difficulty in seeing it as such Language may not look like look a technology because it’s largely invisible It takes time and effort to master but then it’s taken for granted so that it is no longer noticed But like any technology it does things for people which couldn’t be done without it And like all technologies language does things to the people who use it which they never anticipated In both senses as tool and as environment language is the most powerful technology ever createdOr accurately the most powerful family of technologies because while all languages allow the same things to be achieved they don’t do that in the same way Some languages like Ancient Greek are extremely precise and complicated in their components words or as Deutscher calls them labels and how these work together grammar to form very precise expressions Others like Hebrew are noticeably lacking in many of these features like extensive vocabularies and tenses Yet both can be used or less efficiently to express the same ideas Concepts seem constant while the labels change Or do theyThe mechanism of the language machine works on us as well as through us Eons before the term Artificial Intelligence was coined language itself took on a life of its own and started influencing the lives of human beings in ways of which we are entirely unaware Its categories and its logics come to be perceived as natural as an expression of the way the world really is Things and labels became conjoined Linguistic truth becomes confused with reality Reasonableness another linguistic trait becomes a universal standard of human behaviour Language runs the show Deutscher calls it culture which is shorthand for language at workOf course it isn’t possible to even discuss the hegemony of language outside of language So the deck is stacked from the start But it turns out that there’s a crack in the Great Linguistic Wall Each language has some distinctively uniue effects on the human beings who use it Differences can be compared in order to ‘out’ the concealed structures that each language imposes These differences typically hide in plain sight As Deutscher says “it turns out that the most significant connections between language culture and thought are to be found where they are least expected in those places where healthy common sense would suggest that all cultures and all languages should be exactly the same” Culture likes to masuerade as human nature Most religions and generally ideologies for example claim that their precepts simply reflect the authentic ‘being’ of Homo sapiens and the society that species has created The discovery that other cultures had different ideas about what constitutes true humanity typically provokes a sort of fundamentalist response of cultural superiority And naturally this response is expressed in words which often contain within themselves the very superiority being argued What the fundamentalists themselves don’t understand is that they are being used by the language they think they controlThis is an important book and not just because it is an interesting and entertaining exposition of recent language research More importantly it lifts the veil of language just enough to see its creative mechanism at work No language provides a neutral objective description of the world All languages come with historical and ideological baggage which directs attention and prejudices conversation as much as it allows communication and cooperation It probably takes as much effort to recognise this as it does to learn a language in the first place The fact is that “language is a cultural convention that doesn’t masuerade as anything but a cultural convention” Yes just like the internet claims to be nothing than a socially liberating form of communication Deutscher calls it a ‘lens’ I’m generalising a bit from that; but I think making the metaphor useful The title as well as the contents is an obliue homage to the philosopher Richard Rorty's 1981 Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature It often does take social sciences actually science in general one or two generations to catch up with good philosophy
characters Through the Language Glass How Words Colour Your World?
Through the Language Glass How Words Colour Your WorldS the leading linguists have seemingly settled the issue all languages are fundamentally the same and the Language Glass Kindle #208 the particular language we speak does not shape our thinking in any significant way Guy Deutscher says they're wrong From Homer to Darwin from Yale to the and throug. The first foreign language I learned to complete fluency was German after five years of high school German I spent a year at a German boys' boarding school At the end of that year I was completely fluent but noticed an odd phenomenon that I felt like a slightly different person when I spoke German than when speaking English Since then I've also learned Spanish to a high degree of fluency and the same observation holds In both cases the main difference that I perceive has to do with humor and the way the language I'm speaking affects my sense of humor So I've always been interested in the extent to which language affects thought The notion that it does is what linguists refer to as the Sapir Whorf hypothesis Belief in Sapir Whorf reached its peak in the first half of the 20th century but since then the notion that language affects cognition has been discredited by almost all mainstream linguistsIn Through the Language Glass Guy Deutscher mounts a careful very limited defence of the Sapir Whorf hypothesis He considers three major areas the link between language and color perception how different languages deal with spatial orientation and the phenomenon of differences in noun genders across different languages His examination of the link between language and color perception is extensive and thought provoking he traces the development of linguistic theory on color perception from British prime minister Gladstone's commentary on the relative paucity of color terms in Homer's work through the Berlin Kay model stating essentially that languages all tend to split up the color spectrum in similar ways through very recent experiments suggesting that the existence of a particular color distinction in a language eg the existence of separate terms in Russian for light and dark blue affects the brain's ability to perceive that distinction Deutscher's account of the evolution of linguistic theory about color perception is a tour de force of scientific writing for a general audience it is both crystal clear and a pleasure to readTwo factors contributed to my eventual disappointment with this book The first is that even after Deutscher's careful elouent persuasive analysis one's final reaction has to be a regretful So what In the end it all seems to amount to little of practical importance The second disappointment pertained only to the experience of reading this book on an Kindle Reference is made throughout to a color insert which evidently contained several color wheels as well as up to a dozen color illustrations This feature was completely absent from the Kindle edition which had a severe adverse effect on the overall experience of reading this book Obviously this point is relevant only if you are contemplating reading the Kindle version DON'T
Guy Deutscher Ó 5 Free read
Free read Through the Language Glass How Words Colour Your World? é PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ê [Epub] ❤ Through the Language Glass How Words Colour Your World? By Guy Deutscher – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk A New York Times Editor's ChoiceAn Economist Best Book of 20H a strange and the Language Glass How Words eBook #244 dazzling history of the color blue Deutscher argues that our mother tongues do indeed shape our experiences of the world Audacious delightful and provocative Through the Language Glass is destined to become a classic of intellectual discovery. I can understand people who feel that Through the Language Glass didn't uite fulfill its promise The subtitle might be accurately does the world look different in other languages And the answer is yes but in a limited way that won't be satisfying to those who want the answer to be an uneuivocal yes People feel that the world is different for them in different languages and even that they are different in other languages but there just isn't the scientific data to back those feelings upFor me and this is a brief digression I do suspect that those who feel different when they speak other languages aren't taking into account context For example say you speak Hebrew with your family and English in school You are a different person in those two contexts but not because of the language you speak You're adapting yourself to the situation including the language I suspect that even years after that division is so clear where you might speak Hebrew to someone in the workplace the associations remainAnyway I found the book itself a bit dense and prone to repetition but overall very interesting I loved the discussion of the issue of colour in Homer's work as it's something that inevitably came up when discussing his epithets in class Why wine dark sea How could the sea look like wine And this book has the answerIt's fairly conservative in its conclusions not going beyond the available data and mocking rather people who did go beyond their data and explaining everything at some length rather than packing in various new ideas It does include a lot of examples and interesting facts about various languages like languages which don't use egocentric directions but always geographical ones I would've been interested in a bit on gendered language but it doesn't seem as if the work has been done there yet It also gives some credit for ideas that were ahead of their time even if they were founded on shaky principles which was interestingUltimately Deutscher explains why early assumptions that language affects the way we perceive the world were wrong but then goes on to explain that that instinctive feeling isn't wrong in itself