FREE READ µ Lakota Noon The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat

REVIEW ↠ E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ï Gregory F. Michno

Lakota Noon The Indian Narrative of Custer's DefeatOws readers to follow the warriors onto the battlefield and see the fight through their ey. Awesome book You can follow one warrior throughout the entire book or just read the entire book from different warriors perspectives A book to keep on your bookshelf for sure

Gregory F. Michno Ï 9 FREE READ

Bighorn tell their own story of that hot day in June The author's innovative approach all. From many standpoints I enjoyed this book It is a much balanced approached to the last stand of Custer than others I have read I also like that the author brings in many cultural and contextual aspects of that moment in history It is fascinating to see how his approach in this brings a centering to that history Custer is neither the arrogant egoist that didn't listen to his scouts nor some kind of gallant betrayed hero fighting against overwhelming odds Additionally this book lends real depth and shape to the amazing victory that the combined village of American Indians were able to achieve against Custer and his troopsThe approach of the author is novel in that he uses a chronological separation in 10 minute chunks for each of the Indian participants The author also uses wide and varied sources and discusses the discrepancies between original source material The presentation of individual narratives is such that the reader can read all of one individual's remembrances from beginning to end or read all the remembrances for a time frame After each timeframe the author stops to synopsis and delve into any contradictions This is the first work of its kind that focus on making sense of the tribal view of this history It has fascinating tidbits about some of my childhood favorites like Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull As well as the early years and formation of Black Elk In many of the overviews and histories about Little Big Horn the diversity of the nations gathered there at the river is glossed over There were mainly Lakota and Cheyenne but even the Lakota were not from just one tribe the gathering included Hunkpapa Minneconjou Oglala Two kettle Sans Arc and the Brulé who were a sub unit of the Dakota Tetons There were also some unfortunate Arapaho youths who had actually just stopped by for the parties the night before and became embroiled in the battle This is a great book for historians ethnographical linguist social anthropologist and just anyone who would like a better understanding of the past and how that created the present

SUMMARY Lakota Noon The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat

FREE READ µ Lakota Noon The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat Ù ❰Read❯ ➫ Lakota Noon The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat Author Gregory F. Michno – In Lakota Noon the Indian participants of the Battle of the Little Bighorn tell their own story of that hot day In Lakota Noon the Indian participants of The Indian PDFEPUB #193 the Battle of the Little. In law schools and psychology classes across the country professors like to indulge in an experiment on witness perception while class is proceeding a person will run into the room and perform an act such as stealing the professor's briefcase before running back out The class is then polled as to that person's age gender race height weight and clothing The result is usually akin to a visual game of telephone When you combine witness perception with the vagaries of human memory you get a mess Ask anyone who's ever sat in a courtroom No two stories will ever be exactly the same As science and Proust have shown us a memory is like a room every time you go back into that room that is every time you remember a memory it rearranges things The mind abhors dissonance and will fill in gaps and smooth the edges and put things into order And if the mind has to invent things to do this so be it Witness perception and witness credibility is at the heart of Custer's Last Stand contemporarily known as the Battle of the Little Big Horn You always hear it described as a battle with no survivors This of course is ridiculous because unless it's a John Woo style Mexican standoff there are always survivors in battle In the case of the Little Big Horn there were thousands of them both participants and observers Of course since they were Indians their accounts were variously ignored elided cherry picked massaged or coerced Gregory Michno an amateur historian turned semi expert on Plains Indian history has attempted to take the mass of Indian accounts and cohere them into something resembling an overall narrative of the battle If Michno's interpretation is controversial and subject to attack it is nevertheless a compelling picture I don't give this five stars based on historical certitude or literary merits; rather I gave it five stars based on my utter fascination with this project and its results For the most part the layout of Lakota Noon is such There are six sections and within each section are a number of chapters dealing with various aspects of the battle such as Reno's charge and retreat Custer splitting his command and of course the last rush Michno tells the story of the battle in ten minute increments He gives the Indian testimony first and then has an analysis section following the Indian testimony in which Michno gives context and commentary Like John Gray Michno relies on time motion analysis which always gives a good foundation for any historical study since it defines the boundaries of the possible Michno uses time motion to great effect to puncture the legend of Crazy Horse I've always found it odd that Americans have decided to honor Crazy Horse with the biggest stone carving ever despite knowing very little about him including what he looked like since he was never photographed This isn't to say that we shouldn't honor Indian heroes we should It's to say that Crazy Horse was uniuely a creation of the media of the times for instance there is no good proof that Crazy Horse was part of the decoy that led Lt Grummond and Capt Fetterman to their doom yet the story is repeated unuestioningly The old saw about the Little Big Horn was that Crazy Horse led 1000 warriors in a great sweep around Custer's left coming up behind him and rolling over the Boy General like a vengeful wave I think Ambrose bought this story and I know for a fact that the Nat'l Park Service rangers at the park still spin this yarn According to Michno's account accompanied with statistics like the distance traveled verses speed of travel if Crazy Horse had really made his vaunted ride it would've taken so much time that he would've arrived at Last Stand Hill long after the battle There is also a wonderful discussion on the size of the village Surviving white witnesses gave accounts of a massive village stretching as far as the eye could see with some estimates ludicrously high the witness perception problem; if you're a soldier in 1876 looking down at that admittedly big village you're probably going to see a thousand Indians for every hundred Michno uses the size of the valley compared with the size of an Indian lodge to give a far reasonable un hysterical view of the Indian encampment He also makes important points regarding the number of total Indians verses the number of combatants If there were 20000 Indians then we can estimate that half were females and of the remaining 50% we can lop off the old and young for an actual fighting force of around 3000 When we look at it this way 600 soldiers attacking a village of 3000 warriors Custer starts to look less insane especially since a number of warriors would have to guard the retreating village and pony herdThis is the value of Michno's work You separate the myths and legends and get into real details about what actually happened The true Indian hero of the day turns out to be Lame White Man whose attack broke Custer's defenses Students of the battle will also be interested in Michno's re analysis of the last stand chronology especially as it pertains to the collapse of Keogh's wild I Company and the length of the final fight on Last Stand Hill itself did it last long enough so that RenoBenteen could've saved them Lakota Noon also goes a long way in describing the movements of Yate's battalion which split from Custer's command after Custer left Reno to make his charge into the valley Of course there are problems with the book As a literary object the writing is workmanlike at best plodding at worst More problematic is the time scheme which is based on many many assumptions that Michno doesn't make clear There is also a lot of paraphrasing of the Indian sources which negates the purpose of letting the Indians tell the story in their own words since there will be inherent interpretative bias in any paraphrasing Still when the Indian accounts are taken as a whole it is remarkable how well they substantiate other evidence and corroborate other accounts The result is a book that further rehabilitates the reputation of George Custer Far from being a lunatic he is shown as a skilled commander who was failed by his subordinates and forced to conduct a defense on poor ground This conclusion does not lessen the Indian achievement that day Rather it heightens the victory which was won by a deliberate multi pronged advance that probed for weaknesses in the cavalry's skirmish lines then exploited every breach