Hiroshima Nagasaki Read & Download à 4

Summary Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Paul Ham

Summary Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Paul Ham 'Nobody is disturbed ' said President Truman three days after the destruction of Nagasaki in 'over the use of the atomic bombs than I am but I was greatly disturbed over the unwarranted attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor and their murder of our prisoners of war The only language the Japanese seem to understand is the one we have been using to bombard them When you have to deal with a beast you have to treat him as a beast It is most regrettable but nevertheless true' The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed thaninstantly mostly wo. ‘We have discovered the most terrible bomb in the history of the world’ Harry S Truman 25 July 1945In an interview Paul Ham said that it took him four years to write this book 25 years of research and 15 years to write and edit He said that he chose this topic because ‘I have always felt that there is something wrong with American narratives that attempt to justify the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians in a nuclear holocaust’ After researching and analysing the core archives Paul Ham said he ‘felt a strong impulse to write an accurate account of the bomb and to dissect the truth from the lies and popular myths’The lead up to August 1945 and the aftermath is covered from a number of different angles historical and political as well as military and scientific Aspects of the book are based on extensive interviews with eighty survivors and depict the human communities of the two cities before and after they were destroyed So much of the damage was civilian schools hospitals and the homes of so many – primarily women children and the aged‘It is an atomic bomb It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East’Paul Ham writes that the orthodox view of why the atomic bombs were dropped is President Harry S Truman’s justification enunciated two years after the decision was made that the bombs saved the necessity of invading Japan and the loss of one million American servicemen Ham scrutinises this ex post facto justification pointing out that the atomic bombs were not the only option and in any case Japan was rapidly running out of the raw materials reuired in order to continueGeneral Curtis LeMay like the RAF’s Air Vice Marshall ‘Bomber’ Harris who ordered the area bombing of Hamburg and Dresden believed that Japan’s military leaders could be shamed into surrender if their cities and civilian population were blanket bombed The dropping of Little Boy and Fat Man was an extension of that strategy and while these bombs killed thousands of civilians it apparently had little impact on the Japanese war machine or those directing it Or did it Surely it’s not total coincidence that Japan surrendered just days after Nagasaki was bombed In Ham’s view what really led to the Japanese surrender was Stalin’s sudden entry into the war in the Pacific The Japanese generals could see one million Soviet troops pouring into Manchuria ready to invade Japan and to avenge the Russian defeat of 1904 05‘The Japanese people had kept their Emperor and lost an empire’Having read the book having had some of my views and assumptions challenged I’m still forming my own conclusions – especially on the role of science and the responsibility of scientists Revisiting the choices made in 1945 is important can we apply learning from the past to an unknown future‘Total war had debased everyone involved’ As it does and will continue to doJennifer Cameron Smith

review Hiroshima Nagasaki

Hiroshima Nagasaki Read & Download à 4 ¾ ➳ [Reading] ➶ Hiroshima Nagasaki By Paul Ham ➩ – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk 'Nobody is disturbed ' said President Truman three days after the destruction of Nagasaki in 1945 'over the use of the atomic bombs than I am but I was greatly disturbed over the unwarranted attack by Men children and the elderly Many hundreds of thousands succumbed to their horrific injuries later or slowly perished of radiation related sickness Yet the bombs were 'our least abhorrent choice' American leaders claimed at the time and still today most people believe they ended the Pacific War and saved millions of American and Japanese lives Ham challenges this view arguing that the bombings when Japan was on its knees were the culmination of a strategic Allied air war on enemy civilians that began in Germany and had till then exacted its most horri. Judging by the two extremes ratings that this book received in one can tell that this is a rather controversial book The author did not think that the atomic bombs made Japan surrender which in turn avoided the loss of lives of many Americans who would otherwise have to invade the main islands of Japan But his position was not just that the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unnecessary he went further to obliuely imply that the reason for dropping the atomic bombs were for the pure purpose of killing civiliansThe author argued that the atomic bombs were unnecessary by showing thatFire bombing was not an effective strategy to make an enemy surrenderIn support of this argument the author spent a chapter on the fire bombing of cities in Germany Meant originally to bring Germany to its knees the effectiveness was uestionable and eventually Germany capitulated not because of the destruction of any or all of the cities but because of the land forces of the allies that reached BerlinThe Japanese cabinet was not swayed by the atomic bombsThe author argued strenuously that the Japanese cabinet especially the three of six representing the military the War Minister Korechika Anami the admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy Soemu Toyoda and general in the Imperial Army Yoshijiro Umezu They did not change their minds after the two bombs were dropped It was actually the entry of Soviet Union into the war that convinced the Japanese cabinet that all was lost and surrender was inevitableThe Japanese were going to surrender anywayCiting the futile and delusional efforts at getting Russia to play the role of the intermediary for an end to the war the author showed that the Japanese were already seriously contemplating an end to the war in contrast to unconditional surrender It would be a matter of time given Japan’s lack of ability to deploy air or naval power that they would collapseThese would have made for a persuasive case but Ham went further and opined that despite all these the US bombed Japan anyway and it was not really because the decision makers wanted to save American lives but because “total war had debased everyone involved” pg 158 and made it easy to contemplate the destruction of properties and lives on a grand scale not helped by many who were spoiling to demonstrate the new power of the USThe author then went further to imply that putting the blame on the Japanese for not surrendering despite the warnings was wrong because the Allies kept insisting on ‘unconditional surrender’ a term which at first confused the Japanese and later became the only stumbling block to their agreement to surrender because they were afraid that the Americans would try the Emperor as a war criminal In the end unconditional or not was this not what the Japanese got Knowing this the Americans should have just relented earlier let them surrender and the bombs and the resulting carnage would have been spared And if the Americans had really wanted to drop the bombs the morally right thing to do was to give warning by demonstrating the power of the bombs given that it was so much destructive than anything anyone knew then Finally even if one argues that Hiroshima was necessary and effective there was no need for NagasakiAnd since the bombs were used despite all reasons against them the author brought us through the aftermath of the bombs showing how many civilian targets were destroyed and how many of them were killed maimed or suffered the radioactivity for years while the military targets we

Paul Ham ✓ 4 review

Hiroshima NagasakiFic death tolls in Dresden and Tokyo The war in Europe may have ended but it continued in the Pacific against a regime still looking to save face Ham describes the political manoeuvring and the scientific race to build the new atomic weapon He also gives powerful witness to its destruction through the eyes of eighty survivors from year olds forced to work in war factories to wives and children who faced it alone reminding us that these two cities were full of ordinary people who suddenly out of a clear blue summer's sky felt the sun fall on their head. Thanks to my girlfriend's parents for giving me this one for Christmas most appreciatedThe bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of World War 2 are two of the most controversial events in warfare As a student of World War 2 albeit I've always been much interested in the European theater than the Pacific theater I've read uite a lot about the subject but it has always been tinged with a distinctly rationalist tone 'Sure it was a tragedy but it stopped World War 2 so it was in service of good'This book is the first proper historical work I've read which has flown in the face of that narrative if anything the book is deeply biased against the use of the bombs a point of view that I've always held myself so this review is likely to be flawed from the outset But nevertheless here we go The old samurai in frock coats and winged collars sitting at attention at the conference table in the government's well stocked Tokyo shelter continued to observe in extremis the ancient forms of deference and decorum of the warrior class; they lived in the shadow of an antiue past in the darkened codes of 'honour' and 'sacrifice' in whose interests they were willing to destroy their nation and race p256The book begins with an overview of the state of the world at the outset of 1945 Roosevelt's death and Truman's ascendance the defeat of Germany the Japanese Empire's defeats and retreats throughout the pacific and the research into the atomic bomb As someone who hasn't been too interested in the Pacific theater until this point this was valuable I knew the broad strokes but the first few chapters of Hiroshima Nagasaki do a fantastic job of laying the foundations for the deeper study to followA chapter is dedicated to the US firebombing campaign which destroyed dozens of Japanese cities including Tokyo and Osaka and it is in this chapter that if it weren't already Ham's bias becomes self evident He labels this campaign of terror and wholesale civilian slaughter as the barbarism that it was and doesn't shy away from the lack of Japanese responseFully the last two thirds of the book are dedicated to the preparation use and aftermath of the atomic bombs Little Boy and Fat Man This is the real meat of it There are three major themes running throughout this section off the text the brutality of the US campaign the Japanese leadership's indifference to the slaughter of its people and the argument of whether the bombings were 'justified'Ham is uite obviously a detractor of the United States' campaigns against the Japanese homeland this is made obvious by the chapter dedicated to the firebombing campaigns across Honshu and Kyushu I was vaguely aware that the US had firebombed Japan especially from the film Grave of the Fireflies but I didn't realise the extent of the campaign pursuing a flawed philosophy that the death of hundreds of thousands of noncombatants would cripple Japanese morale to such a point that they would have no choice but to surrender a concept that anyone who knew the slightest amount of Japanese zealotry at the time would have found laughable Major Curtis LeMay intentionally targeted civilian population centres and displaced millions from their homesThis campaign continued for several months until the Japanese surrender in August concurrent with the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Ham doesn't pull any punches with these events the injuries destruction and sickness are described in full detail from a child losing his eyes from the change in pressure screaming 'Soldier san help me' while