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Fire in the Ashes Free read Í 102 ↠ ❮PDF / Epub❯ ★ Fire in the Ashes Author Jonathan Kozol –    In this powerful and culminating work about a group of inner city children he has known for many years Jonathan Kozol returns to the scene of his prize winning books Rachel and Her Children and     In this powerful and culminating work about a group of inner city children he has known for many years Jonathan Kozol returns to the scene of his prize winning books Rachel and Her Children and Amazing Grace and to the children he has vividly portrayed to share Fire in PDFEPUB or with us their fascinating journeys and unexpected victories as they grow into adulthood   For nearly fifty years Jonathan has pricked the conscience of his readers by laying bare the savage ineualities inflicted upon children for no reason but the accident of being born to poverty within a wealthy nation A winner of the National Book Award the Robert F Kennedy Book Award and countless other honors he has persistently crossed the lines of class and race first as a teacher then as the author of tender and heart breaking books about the. Jonathan Kozol follows the lives of children he met 10 20 years ago living in homeless shelters or poor neighborhoods in New York These stories alternate between inspirational and heartbreaking but it's mostly just heartbreaking It shouldn't be surprising but children who spend their formative years hungry and homeless in poor violent neighborhoods with terrible schools often do not turn out to be healthy well adjusted adults It could easily seem exploitative to write about these children and their parents but Jonathan Kozol has an incredible amount of compassion and respect for the people he writes about and I get the impression that not only does he really care about them but they in turn really care about him The children who do go on to succeed in this book are able to do so only because of luck Luck that they were born intelligent luck that their parents were loving healthy and alive luck that some outsider cared enough about them to try to help them luck that they managed to even make it to adulthood without being killed This is great and these kids should be celebrated for their hard work because they certainly wouldn't have made it without a great deal of hard work But hard work is not enough to help anyone without luck What about the others The book is best summed up by this uote from the epilogueCharity and chance and narrow selectivity are not the way to educate children of a genuine democracy

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Children he has called “the outcasts of our nation’s ingenuity” But Jonathan is not a distant and detached reporter His own life has been radically transformed by the children who have trusted and befriended him   Never has this intimate acuaintance with his subjects been apparent or stirring than in Fire in the Ashes as Jonathan tells the stories of young men and women who have come of age in one of the most destitute communities of the United States Some of them never do recover from the battering they undergo in their early years but many battle back with fierce and often jubilant determination to overcome the formidable obstacles they face As we watch these glorious children grow into the fullness of a healthy and contributive maturity they ignite a flame of hope not only for themselves but for our socie. True euality means eual opportunities and safety for all and a book like this is a bit uniue in that it doesn’t just look at ineualities but also examines the long term effects of attempts at intervening and helping people who basically got the short end of the stick Kozol succeeds uite well in analyzing what has worked and what hasn’t in the Bronx where a large part of his social justice career has beenThe chapters each focus on a different child although a couple of children get their own chapters Kozol met the children either in one of the infamous 1980s NYC homeless shelters or at an after school tutoring program offered at a church St Ann’s in the Bronx There are a few things that are immediately apparent from observing the long term trajectory of these kids which is why a book like this is so valuable for social justice workFirst all of the kids who were homeless or who spent a long time in homeless shelters had many problems and difficulties later in life It is clear that homelessness has a long lasting negative impact on children no matter how many good opportunities come to them later in life Similarly girls seem to stand a better chance than boys of climbing out of the poverty they grew up in Kozol never makes any clear speculative statements as to why he thinks this is but the multiple lives we observe clearly demonstrate that boys are targeted than girls both by the crime lords and by the police The other big theme of the book is of course how educational ineuality entrenches classism and racism Kozol has spent most of his career working in improving education so it’s not surprising this is a theme of the book One thing that stood out to me was how uickly kids are lost if they never get a firmly established literacy and sense of confidence in their ability to learn Once kids start getting held back a grade or fall below grade level it is incredibly easy to become discouraged and turn to what appears to be an easier life of crimeKozol ends the book by talking about what he sees as progress and how the now grown up kids he worked with see possible solutions He’s adamant that even small gains are gains He views any child whose life ultimately is one of peace and self worth as an accomplishment whether they even completed high school or not To a certain extent I agree with him but to a certain extent I agree much with one of the grown up kids who just so happens to be about my age who argues that small changes aren’t good enough That the ineuality is so deeply entrenched that we must truly rock the system and not just save one child at a time She does ultimately agree that the small changes are still worthy of praise and is working on a degree in sociology so she may go back to the Bronx and focus in on small changes That then is the uestion at the heart of this book and one for which there are no easy answers How do we fix this problemIt’s difficult to say who this book will appeal to It’s not a clear treatise on the educational system or social justice It is one man’s observations of the lives and life stories of inner city youth he worked with It is not academic per se but it’s also not exactly a memoir either I think perhaps that it will appeal most to anyone whose day to day job involves having small influences on the education of individuals It clearly shows how much impact one person can have on another person’s life particularly when it comes to education and literacyOverall then I recommend this to those who work in education whether formally or informally It is encouraging to see the perspective of an older person who has clearly seen how his life work has impacted the kids he worked withCheck out my full reviewNote I received a free copy of this book in exchange for my honest review

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Fire in the AshesTy    The urgent issues that confront our urban schools – a devastating race gap a pathological regime of obsessive testing and drilling students for exams instead of giving them the rich curriculum that excites a love of learning – are interwoven through these stories Why certain children rise above it all graduate from high school and do well in college while others are defeated by the time they enter adolescence lies at the essence of this work   Jonathan Kozol is the author of Death at an Early Age Savage Ineualities and other books on children and their education He has been called “today’s most elouent spokesman for America’s disenfranchised” But he believes young people speak most elouently for themselves and in this book so full of the vitality and spontaneity of youth we hear their testimon. I have been a fan of Jonathan Kozol and his work since I read Savage Ineualities in college and I was thrilled to be able to review an ARC of his newest book exploring the intersection of race poverty and childhood in the South Bronx illustrated by children and families near and dear to Kozol's heart The book which is a compilation of about a dozen stories each one focusing on a different child or family but framed under the general narrative of the effect of poverty and racism on education is typical of Kozol's style His writing is clear and at times stark free of flowery prose incisive and utterly effective The journey starts out at the Martiniue Hotel a hotel in Midtown that used to house many homeless families before it was shut down in the eighties or nineties as a blight on the affluent City Proper The early passages reminded me of a story I read in sixth grade that piued my interest in child poverty in America Monkey Island by Paula Fox which made a tremendous impression on me as a child in a small private school in the Chicago suburbs where I received uite a good education At the time I simply couldn't believe that children like Clay Garrity fictional character that he was existed in AmericaBut there are many Clay Garritys in America and Kozol introduces us to some that he knows uite well Some of them have prevailed over the incredible odds stacked against them and some some have not Kozol doesn't mince words when he writes about the Martiniue Plagued by drug addicts criminal activity vermin rape violent and cruel management and according to one occupant tension so thick you could cut it with a knife the Martiniue is hell on earth He writes of several similar tenements in the city each with the same problems used to house the most vulnerable among us the ones in need of the most care including many many children I cannot adeuately describe the horrors there on my own so I'll simply provide Kozol's wordsI would later spend considerable time in a number of his buildings because so many of the children I was meeting in the Bronx were Mr Schuster's tenants There was one building in that complex that I got to know particularly well because I went there several times to interview the family of a child named Bernardo after he'd been killed by falling from an upper floor through an empty elevator shaft The elevator door wasn't working properly and would open unpredictably even when there was no elevator there The tenants had complained about the danger many times; but the company refused to make repairs Bernardo's body landed on the steel roof of the elevator unit which had stopped four floors beneat his own He was not found until his blood began to drip on passengers Mr Schuster managed to clean up his image at a later time by making contributions to important Democratic politicians some of them strong advocates for the very people he had treated with contempt and whose lives he had imperiled Hillary Clinton Richard Gephardt and John Kerry among others or by giving parties to raise funds on their behalf which won him a degree of prominence in Boston's social pagesMany of the families that Kozol writes about lived at the Martiniue for several years before being given an apartment which they had to accept no matter what the living conditions there were like and moving out The years at the Martiniue affected these children tremendously and early on Kozol notes a pattern when he explains that in two different families that had stayed at the Martiniue the older children had developed such harmful destructive tendencies that they had died very young while the younger resilient and at the time oblivious siblings managed to pull through and survive I won't ruin the narratives by attempting to give a succinct account of them in this review; I would do the stories of those families no justice that way You simply must read the book itself and be introduced to the families that way rather than through a casual review And Kozol truly does introduce us to some spectacular characters whose determination ferocity and even cheerfulness cause them to leap right off the page Keep in mind that these characters are Black or Hispanic with a couple exceptions The reverend at Saint Anne's for example is a white woman named Martha who does her community in the South Bronx an incredible service and seems to be Kozol's partner a similar driving force in this narrative But the other characters are overwhelmingly minorities and the race relations that sulk between the lines of Kozol's text should surprise no one One woman we meet is Ariella a mother of two young boys who is determined to give them the best she can and she knows the key to a better life is a good education Kozol writes of her activism effortsProjects of this nature and efforts to reach out to influential and supportive sectors in the mainstream of society have come to be her dedication She speaks from time to time at universities and colleges I spoke at New York University she told me recently The students wanted to find out how anybody could survive on 16000 in New York even twenty years ago which she said was not the subject I had planned to speak aboutShe holds her own effectively with people in the world of academia I don't need a PhD to talk about the things I know I'm not intimidated by professors when they uestion me I can handle their linguistics and gymnastics When they ask her how to stop the violence but she says don't want to hear about the way they put our kids in neighborhoods that are most violent already you know 'put them in the fire then tell them to stop burning' I don't let them throw that at me I know what an oxymoron is I'm not afraid to answerThat passage made me love Ariella even This was a woman who became homeless with her two sons because she refused to stay with an alcoholic husband who beat her Due to cancer I believe she couldn't work and had to apply for welfare when she left her husband She fought tooth and nail to secure the best for her sons through education and to help her community and I loved and envied her strength and her clarity of purposeBut that passage about her standing up to professors who found it so easy to condescend to her about her experiences I loved that most of all That made me want to stand up and cheer The image of a white professor trying to speak FOR people of color or for those less advantaged at the expense of their experiences to interject with his own and erase their struggles and their experiences is one I'm uite familiar with and one that still makes me angry I was so proud of Ariella for being unwilling to put up with that White Nonsense TM White Nonsense refers to white people using ideas and notions of white supremacy to demonize or erase People of Color or to erase or diminish their experiences and struggles It's evil and pervasive and damaging to us allAlice another strong woman we meet in this book doesn't let Kozol off the hook with his White Nonsense either She was a politically sophisticated woman When she came upon a story in one of the papers that offended her intelligence she would cut it out and write her often pungent comments in the margins Understatements and omissions in the daily press in stories on the homeless and places like the Martiniue stirred up her indignation The organized abuse of women in the building she believed would have made front page headlines in the press if those who were the victims were not overwhelmingly Black and Latino When I was initially reluctant to agree with her she grew impatient and she said Come on You know they wouldn't tolerate disgusting things like this for women like your mother or your sister It seems pertinent to mention here for those who are unfamiliar with the man that Kozol is Jewish and a white man I do not use the word Caucasian which is built on notions of Aryan superiority I say 'white' peopleI couldn't agree with Alice's remarks Not only am I glad she 'grew impatient' and said those things to Kozol but I'm also glad that he chose to recount those words in his book That woman is absolutely right Systemic organized rape for protection of white women would NOT be tolerated but is ignored and excused by men who think like Kozol seems to have thought that the race distinction just isn't there when it happens to women of color Because BlackBrown life is cheap in a way that White life isn't I know too well the meaning of those words men women and children from the country of my parents' births are dying daily in drone strikes 90% of the victims of drone strikes in Pakistan are innocent civilians per the Brookings Institute White life is precious BlackBrown life is cheap This is a reality we face every day but one that too many white people seemingly Kozol at one point included ignore or try to ignore When Alice would chide Kozol for his impatience with his mother's impatience with his near senile father she would remind him that his mother was elderly and they didn't have much time together and he'd hate himself every time he remembered something unkind he said to her Kozol writesFriends can give advice like this intending well but doing harm Sometimes they don't realize that the kinds of words they use and the tone that they assume can be crippling to you; sometimes perhaps they do Alice was different in this sense She understood a lot about fragility in people that she cared for Even when she grew impatient with mistakes she thought her friends were making she never showed the slightest wish to demonstrate her competence at the cost of someone else's self respect This was one of the ualities in Alice for which in time I came to be the most gratefulAlice had uite a sense of humor too When commenting on a club employee's strike because they suddenly weren't being paid extra like they used to for cleaning the bloodvomitexcrement of party goers at the Harvard Club on 44th in Manhattan she said If people who went to Harvard can't control themselves and drink too much she said I think they ought to be grown up enough to clean up their own vomitShe often spoke as if she was convinced that a persistent self indulgent immaturity was one of the entitlements of privilege She noted for example when erotic misbehavior by the very rich was granted absolution by the press that would not be given to the men and women in her neighborhoodAnother millionaire who didn't bother to get married had another baby she reported to me once in speaking of a well known real estate tycoon I notice that they never say rich children are born 'out of wedlock' They never say these babies are 'one parent children' If you're rich you don't get judged the way poor people doIn ways than one I'm reminded of a political cartoon I see make the rounds every now and then the gist being that if you're poor and found with drugs you go to jail; if you're rich and found with drugs you go to rehab Another story from Alice struck me as especially poignantOnce on a steamy Sunday afternoon she showed me a story in the New York Times that said the heat had been especially uncomfortable for the carriage horses which are popular with tourists in the midtown area It wasn't much of a week to be a horse the paper said People at least have air conditioning and friends with poolsHer reaction to the glibness of this sentence was less bitter than resigned I guess that puts me with the horses she said uietlyI found this book problematic because in several places like where he disagreed with Alice about rape being easily tolerated when WOC were victimized Kozol showed his own naivete and the uniue ignorance that comes with being a white person in regards to race relations and I'm sure we can agree that when it comes to racial relations Kozol is no slouch that's why it's important to highlight that even if a white person really educates himselfherself in these matters he or she will make mistakes He speaks to a young Latina about Barack Obama being president and probes about us edging closer to a post racial world because of him Most of my fellow POC that I know would laugh themselves hoarse upon hearing this post racial White NonsenseNow we have a president but she cut me off who she said knowing right away where I must be heading happens to be BlackDoesn't that mean something might be going on Something in that attitude of white superiority that must be attacked she had just describedNot really she repliedYou don't think it means we're getting closer to a point where we can start to find solutions to at least a couple of the problems you described Huma here HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHANope she said Because that's not the reason we elected him And if he did the things he should a lot of people who elected him from what I understand wouldn't be behind him any A lot of people aren't behind him even now and he hasn't done a thing that I can see that will make a difference to poor children and the schools we have to go to and the places where they almost always put us you know in the neighborhoods not just in New York Once she got her teeth into a big and meaty chunk of obvious injustice she'd experienced first hand Pineapple clearly wasn't going to hold back President Obama didn't have to go to inner city schools You know Where everyone is poor And everyone's Hispanic or everybody's Black Why does he think it's good enough for other kids like children in the BronxThis girl gets it I'm glad she explained it to Kozol Post raciality is a concept White TM people love I use White TM to mean those people who happen to be white who diminish the effects of racism andor think it is something that can be solved as if it were a simple problem and not a pervasive social political cultural force that has persisted violently over centuries White TM people love 'post racial' shit They're the ones that say things like I see no color we're all the human race That statement of course does nothing but diminisherase the harmful effects of racism that POC suffer daily It is not a helpful statement No POC wants to hear that White Nonsense TM Again this does not refer to ALL white people This refers to the douchebags who actually think this wayI loved that Kozol chose to write about these little anecdotes in which POC schooled him however gently on the vast differences between the reality of a white man and a POC Person of Color if you haven't picked up on the lingo yetKozol's stories about these children and families he cares for deeply end with the story of his godson a story I particularly recommend to readers He saves it for the end he says because it's the hardest to write Toward the end of the book Kozol draws us out of the small world he created for us in the South Bronx and forces us to confront the larger picture especially in terms of our rhetoric THe word accountability is very much in fashion now Children in the inner cities we are told must be held accountable for their success or failure But none of these children can be held accountable for choosing where they had been born or where they led their childhood Nor can they be blamed for the historic failings of their schools Nor of course are any of these children responsible in any way at all for the massive unemployment and the flight of businesses and industries that have put so many young men on corners of the streets with no useful purposes within their daily lives Visitors Martha told me at the time of the recession in 2001 are asking if the economic crisis has taken a high toll on people in our parish I tell them that we've always been in a depression in Mott Haven so it's hard to see a difference This of course would be an excellent launch into a discussion of the GOP platform of seeking to ban abortion even in the case of rape per the 2012 platform and then seeking to privatize gut Medicare and Social Security and all sorts of other programs for the poor It would be uite pertinent to point out that the GOP doesn't give a shit about children unless they're unborn in which case the GOP will fight to the death for those children to be born while Mitt Romney uietly makes a profit off aborted fetuses through Bain Capital Look up the Stericycle dealBut I'm not going to go into that Any than I already did The epilogue strikes the perfect note of weariness and optimism and above all else persistence and resilienceKozol is talking to Pineapple a pseudonym for one of the girls in his book about his work I explained that I was simply having trouble finishing my book I said I wasn't sure how much had changed back in the neighborhood where she and I had met but I told her I kept going back and forth on this because I didn't want to end up on a dreary noteJonathan she said I want you to think positive Lara and I are going to go back and help to change things once we both have our degrees You know Make little changes that we can If lots of people do that then the changes won't be little anyI said I'm going to steal those wordsDo it she said And she asked if I remembered something that I told her once when we were walking by the water near her parents' home You know Picking battles that we have a chance to win And not getting frozen up and flustered in your mind by things that are too big for you and me to change not at least for now Which isn't any use to anyone at allI said I think I'll steal those words as wellDo it she said a second time You're the one who said that to me anyway I'll give it back to you for freeA riveting compelling story clearly written and effectively told Don't ever expect anything less from Jonathan Kozol Note Kozol mentions a discretionary fund comprised of donations from readers that he uses to help the children in this book and many others with things they need Sometimes this is for health insurance when a child develops a serious illness and needs to wait a semester before going back on a college's health plan Sometimes it's for food Sometimes it's for clothes that actually fit If you'd like to learn about the fund or help sustain it contact the Education Action Fund 16 Lowell Street Cambridge MA 02138 or email EdActIncgmailcom