DOC ï READER Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück ´Í FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE

PDF Î Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück ¼ Friedrich Nietzsche

PDF Î Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück ¼ Friedrich Nietzsche O bring this phenomenon to light as a remarkable symptom of our time is every bit as necessary as it may be painful I have tried to describe a feeling which has often enough tormented me I take my revenge on this feeling when I expose it to the general public Perhaps with such a description someone or other will have reason to point out to me that he also knows this particular sensation but that I have not felt it with sufficient purity and naturalness and definitely have not expressed myself with the appropriate certainty and mature experience Perhaps one or two will respond in this way However most people will tell me that this feeling is totally wrong unnatural abominable and absolutely forbidden that with it in fact I have shown myself unworthy of the powerful historical tendency of the times as it has been by common knowledge observed for the past two generations particularly among the Germans Whatever the reaction now that I dare to expose myself with this natural description of my feeling common decency will be fostered rather than shamed because I am providing many opportunities for a contemporary tendency like the reaction just mentioned to make polite pronouncemen One star's a bit harsh Popular history can still be understood in terms of the categories he comes up with here all the biographies of Churchill and Reagan? Lifeless monumental history The obsession with Americana and 'authentic' 'simple' living? Lifeless antiuarianism Post colonialpost structuralistpost modernist history? Lifeless critical history But then Nietzsche was harsh and it's only fair to be harsh back He describes three types of historiography 'monumental' history which can either provide examples of greatness for the present or refuse the possibility of greatness in the present; 'antiuarian' history which can either make us comfortable in our own time and place by showing its historical context or encourage us to live in the past and forsake the present; and 'critical' history which criticises the past and attempts to create a new one for itself or makes us ignore our own descent leading to a conflict between our actual and our created pasts In the good versions the former in my list it is studied for the sake of 'life' In the bad versions the latter in my list history is studied for the sake of itself or for utilitarian ends This leads to a people with weak personalities which believes itself to be just than other ages is immature leads to a melancholy belief that we are nothing than the children of the great irony and eventually the cynical inversion of this belief that rather we are the great descendants of the weak That's the meat It's surrounded by a bunch of rants against the late nineteenth century I'm sure it's all very entertaining when you're young but by the time you're working or a grad student you know pretty darn well that academics cut off from 'life' is a farce You know that appeals to 'life' are or less completely empty what sort of life? What will you do with this life? And you probably have a hunch that life whatever it is might not even be possible So what are we doing when we read Nietzsche's essay? First we're engaging in monumental history against the present lauding Nietzsche when we could for instance be reading about the crisis in health care or the destruction of the environment or the ongoing economic crisis Second we're engaging in an antiuarian history which is interested in the past for its own sake since there's little in this book which isn't common knowledge these days Third it will probably encourage us to believe that we've left behind all the old lifelessness of the nineteenth century when of course we've done nothing of the sort By its own lights this essay should not be read by the young In Nietzsche's time history really was over studied Today it's all but ignored Skip this and go straight to Hobsbawm's history of the long nineteenth century

BOOK Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück

DOC ï READER Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück ´ Í FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE Í ❰BOOKS❯ ✯ Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzei Ts Moreover I obtain for myself something of even value to me than respectability I become publicly instructed and set straight about our times This essay is also out of touch with the times because here I am trying for once to see as a contemporary disgrace infirmity and defect something of which our age is justifiably proud its historical culture For I believe in fact that we are all suffering from a consumptive historical fever and at the very least should recognize that we are afflicted with it If Goethe with good reason said that with our virtues we simultaneously cultivate our faults and if as everyone knows a hypertrophic virtue as the historical sense of our age appears to me to be can serve to destroy a people just as well as a hypertrophic vice then people may make allowance for me this once Also in my defence I should not conceal the fact that the experiences which aroused these feelings of torment in me I have derived for the most part from myself and only from others for the purpose of comparison and that insofar as I am a student of ancient times particularly the Greeks I come as a child in these present times to such anachronistic experiences concerning mysel Every time I read a book by Nietzsche my mind gets blown and I feel enlightened In a mere 60 pages or so Nietzsche totally annihilates Hegelianism and the education system The thesis of the book is that in our time Knowledge rules Life and this will result in the end of both Knowledge and Living Instead we must consider Life to be the ultimate value and the thing in which our youth should be skilled This is by far the most accessible book by this author I have ever read so don't be daunted by it Highly recommended to anyone By far the most

Friedrich Nietzsche ¼ Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück PDF

Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites StückForward Incidentally I despise everything which merely instructs me without increasing or immediately enlivening my activity These are Goethe's words With them as with a heartfelt expression of Ceterum censeo I judge otherwise our consideration of the worth and the worthlessness of history may begin For this work is to set down why in the spirit of Goethe's saying we must seriously despise instruction without vitality knowledge which enervates activity and history as an expensive surplus of knowledge and a luxury because we lack what is still most essential to us and because what is superfluous is hostile to what is essential To be sure we need history But we need it in a manner different from the way in which the spoilt idler in the garden of knowledge uses it no matter how elegantly he may look down on our coarse and graceless needs and distresses That is we need it for life and action not for a comfortable turning away from life and action or merely for glossing over the egotistical life and the cowardly bad act We wish to use history only insofar as it serves living But there is a degree of doing history and a valuing of it through which life atrophies and degenerates T On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life Between 1872 when his first book Die Geburt der Tragödie appeared and 1876 when he left the University of Basel to write in Italy Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 wrote an enormous amount of prose most of which he did not bring to a satisfactory completion However he did publish singly a series of short bookspamphlets he called Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Untimely Considerations which at one point he had projected to include as many as 21 parts In the end he published 4It is of note that during the manic phases of his manic depressive cycles he viewed these publications as a process of tearing down the many aspects of 19th century life he hated a clearing away of encrustations to enable him to see clearly the visions he knew were going to come he already had intimations of them but these he kept in his notebooks and did not publish One of the Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen I find interesting is Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie für das Leben On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life For Nietzsche historians' history was one of these encrustations which had to be chipped away As one of my esteemed GR friends has pointed out in a review of this book in the early 21st century almost nobody knows or gives a damn about historians' history so now Nietzsche would be preaching to the choir Of course precisely the same people wouldn't give a damn about Nietzsche eitherIn view of the fact that the word historicism has been used in a dozen mutually contradictory ways since Karl Popper took up the word and incorrectly ascribed his meaning of the word to Hegel I won't use it I doubt the word has any fixed meaning now except in the discourse of certain schools of adepts among each other I have read claims that in this text Nietzsche made the first criticism of historicism Maybe if you search around in the many meanings of that word this could even be true But what did he actually say?He begins by explaining why both forgetting and remembering are necessary for mankind Why remembering the right things at the right times is necessary is clear; but he sees forgetting the past and entering fully into the moment are necessary both to experience happiness and to act Mankind needs history memory but not too much He then distinguishes three kinds of history which he calls the monumental the antiuarian and the critical The first is necessary for the doers and the mighty in order for them to learn from the past acts and examples of similar men And this is good for life because only such men can make changes for the better he says Nietzsche sees in this kind of history something eternal and über historical manifestations of Greatness of Genius and this almost immediately after distancing himself from über historical thinkers who see the eternal in every moment a point of view he seems to associate with Eastern thought This is curious because it is evident from the longing in his description of these mighty doers and from his other writings that he wants to be among them; he also uses almost the same language in describing the disdain both feel for their own bodies I suppose he views the Eastern kind as passive and inactive and those attributes he finds repugnantHowever a focus on this one kind of history while good for the small number of powerful doers is bad for history and most everyone else it reduces history to a few special cases surrounding a few special men and leads to illusions and false analogies We all know how this kind of history has been misusedThe antiuarian history is that of the conservatives and the pious those who look with faithful love to whence they came and wish to preserve that for those who will follow This is the history for almost everyone for the less gifted as he says; this is the history of Blut und Boden; this is the history which keeps most people contentedly in one place preventing dissatisfied searches for greener pastures which would lead to conflict Except that it didn't always as we know all too wellThis kind of history is too narrow too provincial too limited in ways we are all so well aware of that I will leave it at thatThe critical history is not what one would expect It is not the history of the critical judging intellectual far from it It is the critical judging history of life itself which right or wrong just or not puts an end to everything that emerges into existence whether it be an individual a mountain or the Roman Empire Of course this critical history can manifest itself through the actions of men It is necessary for renewal though he finds the renewal to be generally weaker than the healthy form of the original at least in the case of human societies Clearly critical history is harmful where it is not absolutely neededOne must admit that this is an idiosyncratic division of history into types These types of history all serve life though they can also hurt it as mentioned But all are to be contrasted with the history of the historian whose science has stepped between life and history and cut their bonds Here Nietzsche is revisiting in some detail a thesis he already touched upon in Die Geburt der Tragödie science and its concomitant abstraction have sucked the lifeblood the instincts out of modern man He is skinning just one of their manifestations in this text the history of the historian but he is whetting his knife for them all He details five ways this history is inimical and dangerous to life it weakens personality through overexposure to foreign cultures and history I should have about zero personality by now if this thesis is correct; it gives the illusion that the current culture has the greatest virtue and justice; the instincts are destroyed and both the individual and the whole cannot fully ripen; it gives the illusion that one is late born that one is an epigone; it leads mankind into self irony cynicism and egotism He gives a lengthy discussion of each of these points taking the opportunity to knee many of his most despised objects bureaucrats functionaries contemporary philosophers historians' pretensions to objectivity etc in the groin Reading over the other reviews of this book it is clear that each reader has his own Nietzsche I don't agree with many of his philosophical opinions and I abhor his cult of genius But then I am an early 21st century intellectual who has willingly nay gleefully saturated himself with history and foreign cultures and is disdainful of the antiuarian history into which he was born I am his Flachkopf made corporeal And yet I still am reading his texts because as I briefly indicated in another review Nietzsche went where no one else before him went and he never came back He went there with a megalomaniacal verve and an astounding prose style Some of the things he told us on the way are valuable; the course of his travels to wherever he went is fascinating A word concerning Nietzsche's prose style In this text Nietzsche jettisons the purple Romantic prose of his previous writings and offers us something closely approximating his mature style a fluid flexible elouent prose strongly influenced by Greco Roman writers For in this and all subseuent texts Nietzsche is not writing for an academic audience but rather for a general educated readership as did those earlier writers And as they did Nietzsche tries to make his points to such a audience by telling little stories using extended metaphors etc He even uses a uote from Jonathan Swift to generate a belly laugh and to reduce a target ad absurdum When he starts going on about the German soul or about how his ideas are manly and those of the objects of his criticism are feminine my eyes begin to glaze over but otherwise even when I object to the content he holds my attention beautifully This book has been translated into English under at least two different titles On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life and On the Use and Abuse of History for Life I suppose the translators wanted to have a certain parallelism in their titles which Nietzsche did not have in his he went with alliteration Is it not the case that nearly every one of these is manifested in our age an age in which history insofar as it is known to the general public at all is known only under the guise of monumental antiuarian or critical history? And if this is true then what is left of the criticism Nietzsche levels at historians' history? Rating