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This now classic examination of in Changing MOBI #244 the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is a major and enduring contribution to modern political analysis In a new Foreword Political Order PDFEPUB or Francis Fukuyama. The main takeaways from this book for me personally are below Just to clarify I fundamentally disagree with many of Huntington's conclusions but I found it useful to write some of them down Underdeveloped countries tend to be stable; developed countries tend to be stable; countries undergoing modernization attempting to move from the former to the latter in other words are likely to experience significant turmoil however if they do not have strong political institutions andor a strong government Modernity breeds stability but modernization breeds instability p41 The idea that economic success will breed political stability is misguided For in fact economic development and political stability are two independent goals and progress towards one has no necessary connection to progress towards another p6 Rapid but uneven economic development the type of which we see in many countries across the globe is likely to create tensions in society Economic development increases economic ineuality at the same time that social mobilization decreases the legitimacy of that ineuality p58 Holding 'free and fair elections' in a society that lacks proper political institutions is meaningless at best and dangerous at worst as it will increase awareness of social differences between groups in that society Group consciousness and all its early conseuences including extremism are a by product of modernization The Gap Hypothesis modernization leads to exposure which leads to the creation of expectations among the population that a transitional society won't be able to fulfill Conseuently a gap develops between aspirations and expectations want formation and want satisfaction or the satisfaction function and the level of living function This gap generates social frustration and dissatisfaction In practice the extent of this gap provides a reasonable index to political instability p54 In developing societies dominated economically by foreign investors andor very small groupsfamilies people will turn to politics in order to further their personal ambitions In a different type of society these people could have been entrepreneurs for example On anti corruption reactions in developing socities The initial adherence to modern values by a group in a transitional country often takes extreme form The ideals of honesty probity universalism and merit often become so overriding that individuals and groups come to condemn as corrupt in their own society practices which are accepted as normal and even legitimate in modern societies p62 Corruption has according to Huntington some positive aspects corruption means individuals buy in the system and do not seek its destruction; corruption might help stimulate economic growth by bypassing a country's overly rigid bureaucratic apparatus etc pp66 67 He or less advocates for authoritarian rule in societies undergoing transition with democratic elements to be added after Men may of course have order without liberty but they cannot have liberty without order pp7 8Interesting side notes As a Romanian I feel this unfortunately applies to the 'family mentality' of many people in Eastern Europe today The amoral familism is typical not of a traditional society but of a backward society in which the traditional institution of the extended family has disintegrated under the impact of the first waves of modernization The new values undermine the old bases of association and of authority before new skills motivations and resources can be broughtinto existence to create new groupings I found it hilarious that historians are apparently saying the American Revolution was not the result of the colonies being politically advanced than England as popular belief would dictate but rather the other way around This uote by C H McIlwain cited by Hungtington is everything The colonists retained to a marked and unusual degree the traditions of Tudor England In all our study of American institutions colonial and contemporary institutions of both public law and private law this fact must be reckoned with The breach between colonies and mother country was largely a mutual misunderstanding based in great part on the fact of this retention of older ideas in the colonies after parliamentary sovereignty had driven them out in the mother country p97

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Political Order in Changing SocietiesAssesses Huntington’s achievement examining the context of the book’s original publication as well as its lasting importance“This pioneering volume examining as it does the relation between development Order in Changing MOBI #238 and stability. While published in 1968 it is surprising how relevant and useful some of the insights in this book remain Many do display the dust of the intervening decades less the dust of scholarship than of global events Yet Huntington's masterful narrative style and clear argument ensures this provocative work's continuing place in the canon of IR classics

Samuel P. Huntington ↠ 0 characters

summary Political Order in Changing Societies ¹ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ [Read] ➲ Political Order in Changing Societies Author Samuel P. Huntington – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is a major and enduriIs an interesting and exciting addition to the literature” American Political Science Review“’Must’ reading for all those interested in comparative politics or in the study of development” Dankwart A Rustow Journal of International Affair. I'll have to re read this at some point but Huntington makes an excellent case regarding the need for political consolidation and stability through a balance of social forces a balance of modernization across multiple areas education industry technology political participation balance between urban and rural areas and a balanced perspective regarding democracy itself nominal democracy is not of necessity either stable or true democracy He also points to the peculiarities of the US form of democracy in a striking way particularly the uniue context within which the US democratic system formed