epub Ñ Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution è Paperback read ñ johnscyclingdiary

epub Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution

epub Ñ Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution è Paperback read ñ johnscyclingdiary ☆ [PDF / Epub] ✅ Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights RevolW months later Ku Klux Klansmen retaliated by bombing the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church and killing four young black girls Diane McWhorter journalist and daughter of a prominent Birmingham family weaves together polic FINALLY Wow this book took me forever to read It's so huge and densely packed with information that I really don't know how to rate it There were parts I liked a lot and other parts where I just felt overwhelmed by all the names flying at me I would certainly need to read it than once to have a chance of absorbing it all

Diane McWhorter ´ Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution epub

E and FBI documents interviews with black activists and former Klansmen and personal memories into an extraordinary narrative of the city the personalities and the events that brought about America's second emancipation This was the hardest most informative book I have ever read It took me almost three months to read I live in Birmingham and was eight years old when the church was bombed My grandparents owned a grocery store on 15th street and 8th Avenue just a few blocks away Today I am 63 and I volunteer at the Birmingham public library in the heart of the civil rights historical area Phillips high school where Fred Shuttlesworth was brutally beaten is just a few blocks away I am amazed that all these ugly violent things actually happened and I am awed by the courage of the community leaders and foot soldiers It is important to know your history Diane McWhorter worked on this for 19 years and won the Pulitzer Prize It is extremely well researched documented

reader ð Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution ´ Diane McWhorter

Carry Me Home Birmingham Alabama The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights RevolutionThe Year of Birmingham 1963 was a cataclysmic turning point in America's long civil rights struggle That spring child demonstrators faced down police dogs and fire hoses in huge nonviolent marches for desegregation A fe The Autobiography of BombinghamJournalist Diane McWhorter is a Birmingham native who was ten at the time that the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing killed four young girls and had her eleventh birthday just a few weeks before the assassination of JFK She was born into one of the old affluent white families in Birmingham with a lineage of men who had been influential movers and shakers in the city's history In this sense she was born on the wrong side of history as she says so this massive account of the city's history and the racial pressure cooker that exploded in 1963 is personal as well as historical In uncovering the social political climate of this troubled industrial metropolis she must also do a great deal of genealogical soul searchingThis book is by no means a uick fast paced narrative; nevertheless it is an indispensable document for anyone that wants to understand the epicenter of the 1960's civil rights movement McWhorter tells everything you'd ever care to know about the history of Birmingham and plenty The cast of characters makes 'War and Peace' seem like a sparsely populated historical tale Much as Tolstoy's original intent to explore the Decembrist revolt led him back to the seminal circumstances and the larger historical canvas McWhorter uses the pivotal dramatic moment in the city's history the church bombing that killed the four girls as the impetus for an epic investigation into the culture of the city that made such an event not only possible but inevitableBirmingham the 'Pittsburgh of the South' seemed predisposed for social and political unrest almost from the beginning Earlier in the century labor disputes and the ensuing suppression of labor unions and the outside Communist agitators were the predominant struggles with the rigid Jim Crow social structure keeping the Negro population subservient by denying opportunities for employment or education thus ensuring that that racial demographic remained powerless through poverty as well as ignorance As glimmerings of resistance from the black population began to be noticed the Communist threat began to be merged with the Negro threat to the extent that the white power structure fused the two into one neatly packaged enemyMcWhorter devotes eual time and space to all the sides in the ensuing struggles She explains how the power structure was a carefully woven tapestry binding the political leaders with the business leaders with the news media with the KKK with the states' rights proponents The public safety commissionerboss Bull Connor was a stereotypical racist redneck tyrant who would have been hilariously buffoonish “Negroes and whites will not segregate together” if he wasn't so frighteningly powerful Mayor Tom Hanes may have been the ostensible leader of the city but Bull was the real power behind the scenes He ruled the police force and made the Klan's terrorist activity easier to implement with impunity On the other side of the color barrier the local leader of the civil rights movement was Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth Shuttlesworth was also a very colorful character as flamboyant as he was fearless He had been physically beaten in front of Phillips High School and miraculously survived the explosion of a bomb planted literally under his bedroom He had gotten back up and brushed himself off so many times he was said to have nine lives Never one to mince words he was never thought of as a diplomat and had to cede the floor of the public platform to the elouent orator and universally acknowledged leader Martin Luther King who in McWhorter's account had a habit of arriving on a scene after a tremendously violent episode to calm fears and give voice to the vision of the movement Shuttlesworth was the primary force goading King into a activist role which King did not without reluctance in visiting Birmingham and being arrested and incarcerated leading him to write the manifesto of the movement the 'Letter from the Birmingham Jail'On the Washington front President John Kennedy was preoccupied with attempting to thaw out the cold war relations with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev which also necessitated repairing the conflicting message the US was sending to the Soviets as well as the rest of the world that promoted the US as a bastion of freedom while treating a large segment of its population as third class citizens When photos of police dogs nipping at protesters many of them children and fire hoses blowing them across a street along with the clothes off their backs hit the national and international media the Kennedy's knew they had to do something to put out the conflagrationAt the same time that the President and his brother Attorney General Robert Kennedy were trying to simultaneously placate and discourage Martin Luther King the Attorney General was giving consent to J Edgar Hoover's campaign to wiretap King's calls and monitor his comings and goings to uncover the Communist connection that Hoover was certain was there somewhereChange was seen as inevitable even among white leaders who saw Bull Connor as doing harm than good not only through the fire hoses and dogs but by putting thousands of demonstrating school children in jail The only way they could oust him was by eliminating his office Even then he was going to make the most of his remaining tenureThe Klan grew marginalized and no longer received unofficial consent from the city leaders and police force which did not mean that their terrorist activities would abate The most extreme of the fanatics were as meticulous in their bomb making as chemists Bombings had occurred for a number of years even church bombings although to date no one had been killed in any of them That is until the morning of September 15 when a group of girls were in the basement putting on their robes for a choral performance in the upcoming morning church service Just after 10 that morning at least ten sticks of dynamite placed against the foundation next to the wall exploded blowing a massive hole in the side of the building and burying the girls in a mountain of wreckage McWhorter describes the long and protracted aftermath including a comedy of errors investigation conducted by city and state and FBI officials each trying to out scoop the other Utimately in 1977 one of the bombers Robert Chambliss was sentenced and convicted o