REVIEW Ö Introduction to Biblical Interpretation Revised and Expanded


Word  Ten years after its initial publication the authors now have thoroughly updated it in light of the latest Introduction to MOBI #233 scholarshipThis is a remarkably comprehensive study of the whole area of biblical interpretation . The book Introduction to Biblical Interpretation was a very enjoyable read The authors William M Klein Craig L Blomberg and Robert L Hubbard Jr did a very good job at conveying the topic of hermeneutics in a very detailed way yet not so scholarly that it wasn’t readable I feel that this book was very informative and covered a broad spectrum of issues involved in hermeneutics This paper will critiue the major points of the book as well as discuss the strengths and weaknessesPart one of Introduction to Biblical Interpretation focused on defining Hermeneutics and demonstrating the crucial need for careful and valid hermeneutical principles This section was broken down into four major chapters discussing the need historical overview contemporary approaches and philosophies and the biblical canon and translationsIn the chapter The Need for Hermeneutics the authors described hermeneutics as the task of explaining the meaning of a piece of writing They pointed out that it describes “the principles people use to understand what something means to comprehend what a message–written oral or visual–is endeavoring to communicate” Introduction to Biblical Interpretation p4 The book goes on to ask the uestion of why we need hermeneutics The answer I retained from the reading was “to establish explain and demonstrate guidelines and methods to guide those who want to understand Scripture correctly” p 5One of the major challenges that hermeneutics faces is distance Distance was divided into distance of time cultural distance geographical distance as well as the distance of language Each of these distances truly separates the reader from the author The distance has to be filled in with extra information gathered from external sources This becomes a challenge when considering which external sources are appropriate and which are viable to useIn chapter two the authors gave a historical overview of hermeneutics and how different cultures interpreted and analyzed the biblical texts As the authors took the reader through history they pointed out philosophies such as neo orthodoxy and Biblical Theology Movement which arose in response to the challenge of hermeneutics The authors also introduced readers to popular thinkers over time and their concepts that helped to shape the way we interpret the bible todayChapter three described the major approaches to contemporary hermeneutics literarynarrative criticism and social scientific Literary criticism according to Aida Spencer is made up of fifteen distinct definitions including analysis of authorship date place of writing original audience linguistic style sources tradition and redaction integrity and purpose p 64 Each of these definitions provides a detailed analysis of the text and further illuminates its meaning The second approach to contemporary hermeneutics is narrative criticism which evaluates biblical texts as any other literary genre such as Shakespeare or Cicero Narrative criticism “analyzes plot theme motifs characterization style figures of speech symbolism foreshadowing repetition speed of time in narrative point of view” and p 65On the other end of the contemporary approaches is the social scientific The authors stated that “these social scientific studies fall into two broad categories research that illuminates the social history to the biblical world and the application of modern theories of human behavior to scriptural texts” p78 To me the social scientific criticisms are much subjective to ones opinions and are easily led in an inaccurate interpretationIn chapter four entitled The Canon and Translations Klein Blomberg and Hubbard discuss the development of the Old and New Testament Canons as well as discuss the order of the canon and what criteria enabled a text to be included in the biblical text The chapter also discussed a rather lengthy description of the challenges involved in the texts themselves and biblical translations we have available today This chapter was especially fascinating to mePart two of the book Introduction to Biblical Interpretation considered the interpreter itself the ualifications presuppositions necessary and appropriate for the task of biblical interpretation Some of the ualifications necessary for an interpreter include but are not limited to a reasoned faith obedience illumination membership in the church and appropriate methods Only with these ualifications in place can someone approach the process of interpretation with an open mindThe authors also discussed some presuppositions about the nature of the bible that the interpreter must have to appropriately approach biblical interpretation The presuppositions included the interpreter’s views of revelation and inspiration their views of the authority of the bible and use of and purpose of biblical study The interpreter must also understand that the bible is a unit and yet diverse and must accept the bible in its entirety if they are to ever truly interpret it as a complete work​Chapter four also discussed the issue of the interpreter’s preunderstanding of biblical text This chapter was really interesting and helped me to see that an interpreter’s background experiences and motivation can all effect the interpretation of a text The authors state that “every interpreter begins with a preunderstanding After an initial study of a biblical text that text performs a work on the interpreter as the newly interpreted interpreter proceeds to uestion the text further out of this newly formed understanding further uestions emerge New understanding results” p 166 This process of allowing the preundertanding to evolve as uestions are answered allows for true growth in the individual interpreterIntroduction to Biblical Interpretation next discussed the goals of interpretation This chapter first explains that the goal of interpretation is to understand the meaning of the text The authors said that there are three potential aspects of meaning the meaning the author intends to convey the grammatical and lexical meaning of the words configured on the page and the meaning the reader understands Each of these meanings can be different and must be interpreted very carefully other wise unsound doctrines will ensue Introduction to Biblical Interpretation draws from EE Hirsch’s knowledge and says that there are four criteria to establish that an interpretation is sound true to the norms of the language able to account for each linguistic component in the text must follow the conventions for this type of literature and it must be coherent p 202 In a word context Towards the end of this chapter on the goals of interpretation the authors propose a statement for conflicting interpretation that I really appreciated They said “I don’t agree with you conclusions but in light of who you are and your community of faith in light of how these biblical texts have been interpreted throughout history and in light of the diligence and care with which you attempt to understand and life in conformity to the bible’s teachings I concede your interpretation You have responded to the Bible in a valid manner” p 208 Following this statement the authors say that “we must allow that both options are possible ‘agree to disagree’ and support each other as brothers and sisters in the life of faith” p 209Part three of Introduction to Biblical Interpretation established basic principles for understanding how literature functions It described the general rules for prose such as literary context historical cultural background word meanings and grammatical structural relationships It also discussed the general rules for poetry This section of the book went in to great detail to describe and define various poetic terms such as rhyme meter sound structure imagery and comparisonsIn Part four Introduction to Biblical Interpretation introduced the reader to the specific kinds of literature found in the bible and gave an overview of the appropriate methodologies for understanding the meaning conveyed by each These chapters went in to great detail discussing both the old and New Testament genres In the Old Testament it discussed narrative law poetry prophecy and wisdom In the New Testament it discussed the gospels acts epistles and revelationPart five of Introduction to Biblical Interpretation sought to make accessible the practical wealth of the bible by briefly investigating the various ways it ministers to God’s people This was the application section of the book It explained the different ways we use the bible today Most people use the bible for one or of the following information worship liturgy theology preach teach pastoral care spiritual formation or aesthetic enjoymentThe final chapter entitled Application discussed avoiding mistakes in interpretation and application The authors suggested a four step methodology for legitimate application of biblical text Step number one is to determine the original application Step number two is to evaluate the level of specificity of the original applications Step number three is to identify the cross cultural principles Finally step number four is to find appropriate applications that embody the broader principles as well as implement them I also found the ten uestions for better understanding the broader interpretations very usefulI feel as though the strengths out weigh the weaknesses of this book The strengths I enjoyed is that it is very detailed in describing the methods approaches to bible study and provided multiple views on subjects leaving the reader with the principles to formulate their own biblical beliefs The weaknesses I see in this book is a tendency toward pluralism Since there was no position taken on doctrinal issues or on what the bible says there is a subtle thought that people should think and reason for themselves While this self owned theology is good some people are not spiritually mature to do it on their own and need the council as the book mentioned to seek a larger church body to study the issues together to safeguard against heretical or unbiblical doctrinesTo summarize the book Introduction to Biblical Interpretation I would say that it was very informative and insightful readable as well as a great reference book for those seeking to better understand how to approach the bible and apply its teachings to their lives I felt that the authors had a very balanced perspective of the bible and did not become dogmatic at any point in the book not did they seem to try and force their views of scripture on the reader I felt like the authors have a very good grasp on the bible and its teachings I feel that the authors respect the bible as well as understand its diversity

FREE READ Introduction to Biblical Interpretation Revised and Expanded

Introduction to Biblical Interpretation Revised and ExpandedThoroughly evangelical it also interacts with nonevangelical interpretational stances  No other volume available on biblical interpretation does so much so well Douglas Stuart Professor of Old Testament Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary. William Klein Craig Blomberg and Robert Hubbard Jr have teamed to give us one of the best hermeneutics textbooks that is in print today It’s been popular with students since it was first written in 1993 and this third edition ensures its use for years to come It has an attractive hardback cover to complement its substantial contents I’ve perused several of these volumes on biblical interpretation that’s on the market today and find this book to be one of the top choicesComing in at over 600 pages this book deserves the label of in depth It might be a little tough to those who have never studied hermeneutics before but those who have will love this volume Don’t misunderstand me – it’s well written accessible but covers a lot of informationChapter 1 on the need for interpretation drew a nice portrait of why hermeneutics are so important in studying the Bible Without proper hermeneutics the Bible gets to mean what anyone wants it to mean When that happens it means nothing The next three chapters on history literary and social scientific approaches and the canon and translations were not as interesting to me as what followed In fact some of the social scientific approaches gave credence to groups whose voice is off base in interpreting the Bible If those things are your interest you will find those chapters well doneChapters 5 and 6 serve to allow the reader to see his or herself in the process of interpretation Chapters 7 through 10 are the heart of the book Those chapters cover the nuts and bolts of hermeneutics There are a few things discussed the strike me as splitting the hair a little too fine yet every hermeneutics textbook will discuss these things today You will appreciate the choice writing that illuminates some rather technical information There’s good help for interpreting different parts of the Bible and in both TestamentsAfter chapter 11 delved into what we gain from proper interpretation chapter 12 discussed the immensely important subject of application Without application interpretation is a hollow exercise The authors did a good job in giving hints at how to make application after interpretation is doneI’ve had the chance to study this subject in great detail and I picked up a few key points in this book that I really appreciate I don’t see how you can go wrong getting this book and I highly recommend itI received this book free from the publisher I was not reuired to write a positive review The opinions I have expressed are my own I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR Part 255

William W. Klein ¿ 1 REVIEW

REVIEW Ö Introduction to Biblical Interpretation Revised and Expanded ☆ [BOOKS] ✪ Introduction to Biblical Interpretation Revised and Expanded By William W. Klein – The authors of this book have combined years of expertise and devotion to Scripture to provide a truly uniueThe authors of this book have Biblical Interpretation Kindle #211 combined years of expertise and devotion to Scripture to provide a truly uniue volume that sets forth concise logical practical guidelines for discovering the truth in God's. This book does a good job as a comprehensive introduction to hermeneutics Especially helpful is the authors' extended introduction covering the history of interpretation This helps give a lot of perspective on the journey hermeneutics has taken in the past 2000 years One thing that would have helped this book is concrete examples of the entire exegetical process It does have a few and seminary classes that use it surely will practice but this would have improved its usability for pastors Another downside is that reading this can be extremely boring at times which is perhaps par for the course when it comes to hermeneutics I do like this book however as a one stop shop for an INTRO to hermeneutics since it includes the history various steps and sections on each genre However someone wanting to become better euipped in interpreting the bible will need to seek resources Like Tom Schreiner's Interpreting the Pauline Epistles to get a better grasp on how to interpret each genre better