Doing Philosophy Book ì 176 pages ✓ Johnscyclingdiary

Book Doing Philosophy

Doing Philosophy Book ì 176 pages ✓ Johnscyclingdiary ✓ [Epub] ➟ Doing Philosophy Author Timothy Williamson – What are philosophers trying to achieve How can they succeed Does philosophy make progress Is it in competition with science or doing something completely differeHical theoriesDrawing on the history of philosophy to provide a track record of philosophical thinking's successes and failures Williams overturns widely held dogmas about the distinctive nature of philosophy in comparison to the sciences demystifies its methods and considers the future of the discipline From thought experiments to deduction to theories this little book will cause you to totally rethink what philosophy is As for philosophy it is about issues that give general information about life the universe principle and hostility Therefore it may be called cosmic knowledge and this is not specific to a special group of information such as science which is a private sect and therefore speaks in philosophy about existence and non existence And the essence essences symptoms etc and that was why the philosopher in the previous time seeks to absorb science then seeks to extract unified philosophy from all of those

Timothy Williamson » Doing Philosophy Text

What are philosophers trying to achieve How can they succeed Does philosophy make progress Is it in competition with science or doing something completely different or neitherIn Doing Philosophy Timothy Williamson tackles some of the key uestions surrounding philosophy in new and provocative ways showing how philosophy begins in common sense curiosity and develops through our capacity to dispute rationally with each othe “As a systematic methodological form of inuiry philosophy is a science but not a natural science” The main thesis of this book is that philosophy is a kind of broadly understood science It argues for this claim as follows Chap 1 Common Sense Both science and philosophy begin by aiming to explain the way things seem to be Of course the way things seem to be may turn out to be wrong Nevertheless it remains the natural starting point of inuiry Theories are developed to explain why murder seems to be wrong or why the sun seems to revolve around the earth Chap 3 Disputing Each theory tends to have both advocates and critics which dispute with each other to assess the relevant strengths and weaknesses of the particular theory Both appeal to evidence to strengthen their theory which tends to be intuitions in philosophy and observations in science Both also appeal to counterevidence to weaken their opponent's theory which tends to be intuitions or observations that contradict the theory For example utilitarians will point to utilitarianism's intuitive results it is good to save someone's life because it maximises utilityhappiness while non utilitarians will point to intuitions which contradict utilitarianism it is wrong to kill an innocent person to save many others Chap 5 6 Experiments Comparing Theories Counterevidence is discovered using experiments Science generally uses natural experiments while philosophy generally uses thought experiments Theories are then compared using the inference to the best explanation which weighs the theoretical virtues of simplicity coherence and to decide between rival theories Overall this is a great although admittedly one sided analysis of philosophical methodology I highly recommend it to philosophy students

Pdf Å Doing Philosophy » Timothy Williamson

Doing PhilosophyR Discussing philosophy's ability to clarify our thoughts he explains why such clarification depends on the development of philosophical theories and how those theories can be tested by imaginative thought experiments and compared against each other by standards similar to those used in the natural and social sciences He also shows how logical rigor can be understood as a way of enhancing the explanatory power of philosop A decent little introduction to contemporary primarily analytic philosophy Williamson focuses on the methodology of philosophy and sometimes contrasts and sometimes compares it to the other sciences Williamson doesn't really touch on the subfield of ethics at all as he is mostly concerned with logic epistemology and metaphysics The author succeeds in emphasising the oft contested relevance of philosophy and is rather humble in his writing For anyone not all too familiar with philosophy and it's methods this is a nice place to start