One Giant Leap Review ☆ 106


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One Giant Leap Review ☆ 106 ↠ ➽ [Download] ✤ One Giant Leap By Charles Fishman ➲ – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk The remarkable story of the trailblazers and the ordinary Americans on the front lines of the epic mission to reach the moonPresident John F Kennedy astonished the world on May 25 1961 when he announc The remarkable The remarkable story of the trailblazers and the ordinary Americans on the front lines of the epic mission to reach the moonPresident John F Kennedy astonished the world One Giant Epubon Maywhen he announced to Congress that the United States should land a man on the Moon by No group was surprised than the scientists and engineers at NASA who suddenly had less than a decade to invent space travel When Kennedy announced that goal no one knew how to navigate to the Moon No one knew how to build a rocket big enough to reach the Moon or how to build a computer small enough and powerful enough to fly a spaceship there No one knew what the surface of the Moon was like or what astronauts could eat as they flew there On the day of Ken. Overall this was a fascinating look into America’s emergence into the space age I appreciated the holistic approach this book took by not only providing a thorough overview of the Apollo 11 mission to the moon but also enumerating the many steps it took to get there starting from the historical political and technological context and the programs proceeding it as well as how the program affected technology and American cultureOne negative aspect of this book is that at times the author would string together a long series of statistics without much intervening explanation or context While this information was often interesting overall it did start to get overwhelming There were also several instances where the content started getting repetitive In addition the author often jumped around the chronology to explore a theme rather than the next step in history While overall this added a dynamic and in depth sense to the book at other times it felt haphazard or uncoordinatedDespite these downsides One Giant Leap offers a uniue approach to presenting the Apollo space program and is definitely worth the read——Three times as many people worked on Apollo was on the Manhattan projectIn 1966 five years after JFK formally announce the project Nas I was spending 1 million every three hours 24 hours a day on the Apollo project By comparison they only spent 1 million total in 1961There was surprisingly little public support for the moon landing In 1960 for a pole show that only 26% of Americans thought we should go all out to make the Russians to the moonApollo eight orbited the moon in 1968 making America the first country to reach the MoonFour weeks after Apollo eight mission a Paul show that only 39% of Americans favored up moon landing 55% of Americans said they didn’t think the space program was worth a 4 billion a year it cost itThe space shuttle program shut down in 2011; and 2018 in order for American astronauts to go to space we have to pay for tickets on a Russian shuttle which is only slightly improved be on the technological capabilities of the shuttles that went up in like the 1960s94% of US households watched the Apollo moon landing on TV However the interest uickly deteriorated as if you were people watched the Apollo 17 mission the last Apollo mission and watch that weeks episode of all in the familyThe Apollo computer fit into one cubic foot of space and did it calculations practically instantaneously; this was an astonishing feet of engineering because at the beginning of that decade computers took up entire rooms and took hours for days to do their calculationsThe Russians were the first ones to send a satellite into orbit around the earth have a satellite reach the moon have an unmanned craft land on the moon and place a flag send a satellite to take pictures of the Darkside of the moon launch animals into space and bring them back safely and launch a man to orbit This all happened before JFK was elected president most of it happening in the late 1950s with the dogs and the astronaut occurring in 1960Every pound of supplies on the lunar module reuired 3lbs of fuel at takeoff which is why they didn’t give the Eagle lunar module lots of extra fuelThe navigation and guidance computer for the lunar module was able to instantly do the difficult calculations to navigate space but had less computing power than most microwave ovens todayThe MIT engineers who created the real time computing module for the lunar landing module had to do so using a computer that did its calculations from punchcards that took hours or days to calculateApollo 11 was the first time that human lives were placed in the hands of a computerThe Apollo computer had 73 kB of memory which is less than the average email size today The computer had two millions of 1% of the computing capacity of an iPhone XSIn space if you’re going to the moon and your course is off by 05° then you end up 2100 miles out space off by the distance of the diameter of the moonIt takes about 65 hours to fly back from the moon to earth When you’re getting close to re entering the atmosphere you’re going 7 mis and the reentry zone is only 40 miles wide so there’s absolutely no room for errorWhen NASA selected the company that would be building the lunar module the company asked MIT how big the computer would be At that point am I T had no idea how big the computer with me so they just guessed it would be about a cubic foot; keep in mind that at this time most computers were the size of an entire room Once it was complete the computer and it up being just over one cubic foot When MIT made the one cubic foot guesstimate the materials for the computer filled four refrigerator sized racksWhen NASA was designing a probe to go to Venus they had one error in the handwritten calculations that were put on a punchcard for the ground computer that ended up making the rocket not able to calculate its course and aborted mission Hey single bar going to the was missing over in a bar that would’ve change the euation A mistake that cost 185 million It was the mariner one probeEvery hour of Apollo space flight reuired 1 million hours of work on the groundThere were 589824 wires in the Apollo 11 computer each one related to either a 1 threaded through a ring magnet or a 0 next to the magnet Each was threaded by hand Because of the time consuming nature of this software coding the software had to be complete 8 12 weeks before launch and no changes could be madeDuring the 1960s in the lead up to the Apollo program Nassau went from the government agency with the 10th largest budget to the one with the third largest budgetIn a secretly taped meeting with the heads of NASA Kennedy admitted that he wasn’t really interested in space explorationtravel he just wanted to beat the Russians to the moonThere was a loss of support and funding in the months leading up to Kennedy‘s assassination because people didn’t see the reason why so much money should be in funneled towards the lunar program to try and force a man landing on the moon by 1970 because it really didn’t seem like we needed to be in such a rush to beat the Russians any However Lyndon B Johnson was an authentic believer in the space program and reignited the vigor for getting a man to the moon by 1970 and reuested the necessary funds to do self following Kennedy‘s assassination “There is no second class ticket to space”The exit strategy from the lunar module was almost a rope with knots on it that the astronauts would have to clamber up and down to get in and out of the module It ended up being a ladder in the end because there were too many potential issues with the rope what if one astronaut was injured and couldn’t haul themselves up What if they were too tried for the extremely strenuous task of hauling themselves up while wearing a bulky spacesuit What if they fell EtcThe idea of doing a lunar rendezvous which involves taking just the lunar module down to the moon and having a rendezvous back up with the main spaceship was text initially look down on us too difficult or impossible because of how difficult and unknown space style rendezvous‘s are because of gravitational mechanics However that ended up being the method they went with because it allowed the shuttle that landed on the moon to have to carry significantly less weight and therefore less fuel and it’s also easier to land the module than an entire space shuttleThe company that made the lunar modules was a fighter jet making company in World War II; during World War II they made 14 warplanes a day; and contrast it took them 10 years to make 14 lunar modulesApollo didn’t usher in the space age but it did usher in the digital age We would have eventually made the technological leaps that were made because of the Apollo missions but they gave America and excitement about technology and probably help speed up the process but it would’ve otherwise goneFrom start to finish Apollo cost 194 billion; in 2019 dollars that’s euivalent to 1254 billionJust because time money and resources went into the winter project doesn’t mean that it was necessarily taking away from other items; for example it’s not like money was taken away from the defense or education budget to fund the winter program Even if the winter program hadn’t happened the money that has been allocated to it would not have ended up going to cancer research or education or what have you because it wasn’t earmarked for that and they weren’t even in the same category

One Giant LeapThe remarkable story of the trailblazers and the ordinary Americans on the front lines of the epic mission to reach the moonPresident John F Kennedy astonished the world One Giant Epubon Maywhen he announced to Congress that the United States should land a man on the Moon by No group was surprised than the scientists and engineers at NASA who suddenly had less than a decade to invent space travel When Kennedy announced that goal no one knew how to navigate to the Moon No one knew how to build a rocket big enough to reach the Moon or how to build a computer small enough and powerful enough to fly a spaceship there No one knew what the surface of the Moon was like or what astronauts could eat as they flew there On the day of Ken. Overall this was a fascinating look into America’s emergence into the space age I appreciated the holistic approach this book took by not only providing a thorough overview of the Apollo 11 mission to the moon but also enumerating the many steps it took to get there starting from the historical political and technological context and the programs proceeding it as well as how the program affected technology and American cultureOne negative aspect of this book is that at times the author would string together a long series of statistics without much intervening explanation or context While this information was often interesting overall it did start to get overwhelming There were also several instances where the content started getting repetitive In addition the author often jumped around the chronology to explore a theme rather than the next step in history While overall this added a dynamic and in depth sense to the book at other times it felt haphazard or uncoordinatedDespite these downsides One Giant Leap offers a uniue approach to presenting the Apollo space program and is definitely worth the read——Three times as many people worked on Apollo was on the Manhattan projectIn 1966 five years after JFK formally announce the project Nas I was spending 1 million every three hours 24 hours a day on the Apollo project By comparison they only spent 1 million total in 1961There was surprisingly little public support for the moon landing In 1960 for a pole show that only 26% of Americans thought we should go all out to make the Russians to the moonApollo eight orbited the moon in 1968 making America the first country to reach the MoonFour weeks after Apollo eight mission a Paul show that only 39% of Americans favored up moon landing 55% of Americans said they didn’t think the space program was worth a 4 billion a year it cost itThe space shuttle program shut down in 2011; and 2018 in order for American astronauts to go to space we have to pay for tickets on a Russian shuttle which is only slightly improved be on the technological capabilities of the shuttles that went up in like the 1960s94% of US households watched the Apollo moon landing on TV However the interest uickly deteriorated as if you were people watched the Apollo 17 mission the last Apollo mission and watch that weeks episode of all in the familyThe Apollo computer fit into one cubic foot of space and did it calculations practically instantaneously; this was an astonishing feet of engineering because at the beginning of that decade computers took up entire rooms and took hours for days to do their calculationsThe Russians were the first ones to send a satellite into orbit around the earth have a satellite reach the moon have an unmanned craft land on the moon and place a flag send a satellite to take pictures of the Darkside of the moon launch animals into space and bring them back safely and launch a man to orbit This all happened before JFK was elected president most of it happening in the late 1950s with the dogs and the astronaut occurring in 1960Every pound of supplies on the lunar module reuired 3lbs of fuel at takeoff which is why they didn’t give the Eagle lunar module lots of extra fuelThe navigation and guidance computer for the lunar module was able to instantly do the difficult calculations to navigate space but had less computing power than most microwave ovens todayThe MIT engineers who created the real time computing module for the lunar landing module had to do so using a computer that did its calculations from punchcards that took hours or days to calculateApollo 11 was the first time that human lives were placed in the hands of a computerThe Apollo computer had 73 kB of memory which is less than the average email size today The computer had two millions of 1% of the computing capacity of an iPhone XSIn space if you’re going to the moon and your course is off by 05° then you end up 2100 miles out space off by the distance of the diameter of the moonIt takes about 65 hours to fly back from the moon to earth When you’re getting close to re entering the atmosphere you’re going 7 mis and the reentry zone is only 40 miles wide so there’s absolutely no room for errorWhen NASA selected the company that would be building the lunar module the company asked MIT how big the computer would be At that point am I T had no idea how big the computer with me so they just guessed it would be about a cubic foot; keep in mind that at this time most computers were the size of an entire room Once it was complete the computer and it up being just over one cubic foot When MIT made the one cubic foot guesstimate the materials for the computer filled four refrigerator sized racksWhen NASA was designing a probe to go to Venus they had one error in the handwritten calculations that were put on a punchcard for the ground computer that ended up making the rocket not able to calculate its course and aborted mission Hey single bar going to the was missing over in a bar that would’ve change the euation A mistake that cost 185 million It was the mariner one probeEvery hour of Apollo space flight reuired 1 million hours of work on the groundThere were 589824 wires in the Apollo 11 computer each one related to either a 1 threaded through a ring magnet or a 0 next to the magnet Each was threaded by hand Because of the time consuming nature of this software coding the software had to be complete 8 12 weeks before launch and no changes could be madeDuring the 1960s in the lead up to the Apollo program Nassau went from the government agency with the 10th largest budget to the one with the third largest budgetIn a secretly taped meeting with the heads of NASA Kennedy admitted that he wasn’t really interested in space explorationtravel he just wanted to beat the Russians to the moonThere was a loss of support and funding in the months leading up to Kennedy‘s assassination because people didn’t see the reason why so much money should be in funneled towards the lunar program to try and force a man landing on the moon by 1970 because it really didn’t seem like we needed to be in such a rush to beat the Russians any However Lyndon B Johnson was an authentic believer in the space program and reignited the vigor for getting a man to the moon by 1970 and reuested the necessary funds to do self following Kennedy‘s assassination “There is no second class ticket to space”The exit strategy from the lunar module was almost a rope with knots on it that the astronauts would have to clamber up and down to get in and out of the module It ended up being a ladder in the end because there were too many potential issues with the rope what if one astronaut was injured and couldn’t haul themselves up What if they were too tried for the extremely strenuous task of hauling themselves up while wearing a bulky spacesuit What if they fell EtcThe idea of doing a lunar rendezvous which involves taking just the lunar module down to the moon and having a rendezvous back up with the main spaceship was text initially look down on us too difficult or impossible because of how difficult and unknown space style rendezvous‘s are because of gravitational mechanics However that ended up being the method they went with because it allowed the shuttle that landed on the moon to have to carry significantly less weight and therefore less fuel and it’s also easier to land the module than an entire space shuttleThe company that made the lunar modules was a fighter jet making company in World War II; during World War II they made 14 warplanes a day; and contrast it took them 10 years to make 14 lunar modulesApollo didn’t usher in the space age but it did usher in the digital age We would have eventually made the technological leaps that were made because of the Apollo missions but they gave America and excitement about technology and probably help speed up the process but it would’ve otherwise goneFrom start to finish Apollo cost 194 billion; in 2019 dollars that’s euivalent to 1254 billionJust because time money and resources went into the winter project doesn’t mean that it was necessarily taking away from other items; for example it’s not like money was taken away from the defense or education budget to fund the winter program Even if the winter program hadn’t happened the money that has been allocated to it would not have ended up going to cancer research or education or what have you because it wasn’t earmarked for that and they weren’t even in the same category

Characters Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ☆ Charles Fishman

One Giant Leap ✓ Ave back on Earth and on the way we live today Charles Fishman introduces readers to the men and women who had to solve problems before astronauts could reach the Moon From the research labs of MIT where the eccentric and legendary pioneer Charles Draper created the tools to fly the Apollo spaceships to the factories where dozens of women sewed spacesuits parachutes and even computer hardware by hand Fishman captures the exceptional feats of these ordinary Americans One Giant Leap is the captivating story of men and women charged with changing the world as we knew it their leaders their triumphs their near disasters all of which led to arguably the greatest success story and the greatest adventure story of the twentieth centur. Having so recently read Shoot for the Moon by James Donovan there will be a few comparisons but overall these were very different books SftM was a linear narrative and I was emotionally vested where OGL was much technical and political The first chapter introduces the world to the decade in which the space program was born “The eight years from Kennedy’s speech to Armstrong’s first steps were as transformative as any eight year period in post World War II American history” The dawn of the 1960’s saw technology associated with military applications but NASA would change that “The race to the Moon took developments and technologies and trends and magnified them accelerated them and helped make their significance and value clear well beyond space travel”As I said the narrative doesn’t take us from the beginning of the decade through the end of Apollo Rather each chapter addresses different components or problems that needed to be solved and the individuals who contributed to Apollo’s success And throughout it all is the immediacy to beat the Russians in the space race “Americans don’t associate the Moon landings with the Cold War or see them as a dramatic victory over the Soviet Union But the race to the Moon was born in the Cold War and wouldn’t have happened when it did with the urgency it did without it”I would say the main theme was how much NASA influenced the technology we have come to take for granted today There is an entire chapter devoted to the intricacies of the computer and its development “The Apollo computer had000002 percent of the computing capacity of the phone in your pocket two millionths of 1 percent” Yet at the time it was the most sophisticated computer ever built The impact NASA had on integrated circuit chips alone is astounding In hindsight it’s hard to fathom that “The needs of a spaceship computer were just two or three years ahead of the sophisticated technology necessary to make it”Of course I loved the trivial tidbits that I read about I didn’t realize that Playtex the bra company designed the space suits And did you know there was porn on the moon during Apollo 12 The anecdote about GM insisting on designing the lunar rover was cool considering it lead to the discovery of the Genesis Rock go ahead Google it it’s fascinatingThe book concluded by disputing the idea that the money spent on the space program could have been better spent on worthwhile things like fighting poverty or funding education In comparing it to the far expensive Vietnam War especially considering the cost of human life “Apollo was a success” where Vietnam was a failure “It was a demonstration of American technological prowess a demonstration of engineering and manufacturing excellence; it was a reminder of American economic power and also American determination” I appreciate that Shoot for the Moon gave me background on the program prior to reading this because it helped me to better grasp the intricacies that One Great Leap presentedI received a complimentary copy of this book via the Vine program Characters Ú PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ☆ Charles Fishman

Charles Fishman ☆ 6 Free read

Charles Fishman ☆ 6 Free read Nedy’s historic speech America had a total of fifteen minutes of spaceflight experience with just five of those minutes outside the atmosphere Russian dogs had time in space than US astronauts Over the next decade than scientists engineers and factory workers would send astronauts to the Moon Each hour of space flight would reuire one million hours of work back on Earth to get America to the Moon on JulyMore than fifty years later One Giant Leap is the sweeping definitive behind the scenes account of the furious race to complete one of mankind’s greatest achievements It’s a story filled with surprises from the item the astronauts almost forgot to take with them the American flag to the extraordinary impact Apollo would h. Wow what a story