FREE READ Ê Biological Psychology

SUMMARY ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ☆ James W. Kalat

This best seller has successfully introduced thousands of students to the intricate relationship between biology and psychology This Eighth Edition redefines the high standard set by previous editions It offers the best balance of rigor and accessibility the most current research and the most thorough technology integration avail. Absolutely one of the best textbooks I ever read Another favorite and a book I will never part with

FREE DOWNLOAD Biological Psychology

Biological PsychologyErest with the latest biological psychology findings such as how gingko biloba claims to aid memory and coverage of the hypothesis that humans' mate choice patterns are influenced by natural selection Throughout the author's goal is not only to convey information but also to convey his excitement about and dedication to the subje. Great refresher of the wonderful connection within our brain and to the rest of the body and behaviours Love the end of chapter uizzes to help solidify learning

James W. Kalat ☆ 8 FREE READ

FREE READ Ê Biological Psychology º [PDF] ✪ Biological Psychology By James W. Kalat – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk This #1 best seller has successfully introduced thousands of students to the intricate relationship between biology and psychology This Eighth Edition redefines the high standard set by previous editi This best seller has Able for your course all presented within a uniue modular format that supports student mastery and provides instructors with maximum teaching flexibility In every chapter Kalat accurately portrays biopsychology as a dynamic and empirical field in which fascinating new discoveries are constantly being made He captures readers' int. 20140901–20160424ContentsKalat JW 2015 Biological Psychology 12eIntroduction• The Biological Approach to Behavior• • The Field of Biological Psychology• • Three Main Points to Remember from This Book• Biological Explanations of Behavior• Career Opportunities• The Use of Animals in Research• • Degrees of Opposition• IN CLOSING Your Brain and Your Experience01 Nerve Cells and Nerve Impulses• Module 11 The Cells of the Nervous System• • Neurons and Glia• • • Santiago Ramón y Cajal a Pioneer of Neuroscience• • • The Structures of an Animal Cell• • • The Structure of a Neuron• • • Variations among Neurons• • • Glia• • The Blood–Brain Barrier• • • Why We Need a Blood–Brain Barrier• • • How the Blood–Brain Barrier Works• • Nourishment of Vertebrate Neurons• • IN CLOSING Neurons• Module 12 The Nerve Impulse• • The Resting Potential of the Neuron• • • Forces Acting on Sodium and Potassium Ions• • • Why a Resting Potential• • The Action Potential• • • The Molecular Basis of the Action Potential• • • The All or None Law• • • The Refractory Period• • Propagation of the Action Potential• • The Myelin Sheath and Saltatory Conduction• • Local Neurons• • IN CLOSING Neurons and Messages02 Synapses• Module 21 The Concept of the Synapse• • Properties of Synapses• • • Speed of a Reflex and Delayed Transmission at the Synapse• • • Temporal Summation• • • Spatial Summation• • • Inhibitory Synapses• • Relationships among EPSP IPSP and Action Potentials• • IN CLOSING The Neuron as Decision Maker• Module 22 Chemical Events at the Synapse• • The Discovery of Chemical Transmission at Synapses• • The Seuence of Chemical Events at a Synapse• • • Types of Neurotransmitters• • • Synthesis of Transmitters• • • Storage of Transmitters• • • Release and Diffusion of Transmitters• • • Activating Receptors of the Postsynaptic Cell• • • Ionotropic Effects• • • Metabotropic Effects and Second Messenger Systems• • • Neuropeptides• • • Variation in Receptors• • • Drugs that Act by Binding to Receptors• • • Inactivation and Reuptake of Neurotransmitters• • • Negative Feedback from the Postsynaptic Cell• • • Electrical Synapses• • Hormones• • IN CLOSING Neurotransmitters and Behavior03 Anatomy and Research Methods• Module 31 Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System• • Terminology to Describe the Nervous System• • The Spinal Cord• • The Autonomic Nervous System• • The Hindbrain• • The Midbrain• • The Forebrain• • • Thalamus• • • Hypothalamus• • • Pituitary Gland• • • Basal Ganglia• • • Basal Forebrain• • • Hippocampus• • The Ventricles• • IN CLOSING Learning Neuroanatomy• Module 32 The Cerebral Cortex• • Organization of the Cerebral Cortex• • The Occipital Lobe• • The Parietal Lobe• • The Temporal Lobe• • The Frontal Lobe• • • The Rise and Fall of Prefrontal Lobotomies• • • Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex• • How Do the Parts Work Together• • IN CLOSING Functions of the Cerebral Cortex• Module 33 Research Methods• • Effects of Brain Damage• • Effects of Brain Stimulation• • Recording Brain Activity• • Correlating Brain Anatomy with Behavior• • Brain Size and Intelligence• • • Comparisons across Species• • • Comparisons among Humans• • • Comparisons of Men and Women• • IN CLOSING Research Methods and Progress04 Genetics Evolution Development and Plasticity• Module 41 Genetics and Evolution of Behavior• • Mendelian Genetics• • • Sex Linked and Sex Limited Genes• • • Genetic Changes• • • Epigenetics• • Heredity and Environment• • • Environmental Modification• • • How Genes Affect Behavior• • The Evolution of Behavior• • • Common Misunderstandings about Evolution• • • Brain Evolution• • • Evolutionary Psychology• • IN CLOSING Genes and Behavior• Module 42 Development of the Brain• • Maturation of the Vertebrate Brain• • • Growth and Development of Neurons• • • New Neurons Later in Life• • Pathfinding by Axons• • • Chemical Pathfinding by Axons• • • Competition among Axons as a General Principle• • Determinants of Neuronal Survival• • The Vulnerable Developing Brain• • Differentiation of the Cortex• • Fine Tuning by Experience• • • Experience and Dendritic Branching• • • Effects of Special Experiences• • Brain Development and Behavioral Development• • • Adolescence• • • Old Age• • IN CLOSING Brain Development• Module 43 Plasticity after Brain Damage• • Brain Damage and Short Term Recovery• • • Reducing the Harm from a Stroke• • Later Mechanisms of Recovery• • • Increased Brain Stimulation• • • Regrowth of Axons• • • Axon Sprouting• • • Denervation Supersensitivity• • • Reorganized Sensory Representations and the Phantom Limb• • • Learned Adjustment in Behavior• • IN CLOSING Brain Damage and Recovery05 Vision• Module 51 Visual Coding• • General Principles of Perception• • The Eye and Its Connections to the Brain• • • Route within the Retina• • • Fovea and Periphery of the Retina• • Visual Receptors Rods and Cones• • Color Vision• • • The Trichromatic Young Helmholtz Theory• • • The Opponent Process Theory• • • The Retinex Theory• • • Color Vision Deficiency• • IN CLOSING Visual Receptors• Module 52 How the Brain Processes Visual Information• • An Overview of the Mammalian Visual System• • Processing in the Retina• • Further Processing• • The Primary Visual Cortex• • • Simple and Complex Receptive Fields• • • The Columnar Organization of the Visual Cortex• • • Are Visual Cortex Cells Feature Detectors• • Development of the Visual Cortex• • • Deprived Experiences in One Eye• • • Deprived Experiences in Both Eyes• • • Uncorrelated Stimulation in the Two Eyes• • • Early Exposure to a Limited Array of Patterns• • • Impaired Infant Vision and Long Term Conseuences• • IN CLOSING Understanding Vision by Understanding the Wiring Diagram• Module 53 Parallel Processing in the Visual Cortex• • The Ventral and Dorsal Paths• • Detailed Analysis of Shape• • • The Inferior Temporal Cortex• • • Recognizing Faces• • Color Perception• • Motion Perception• • • The Middle Temporal Cortex• • • Motion Blindness• • IN CLOSING Aspects of Vision06 Other Sensory Systems• Module 61 Audition• • Sounds and the Ear• • • Physics and Psychology of Sound• • • Structures of the Ear• • Pitch Perception• • The Auditory Cortex• • Hearing Loss• • • Deafness• • • Hearing Attention and Old Age• • Sound Localization• • IN CLOSING Functions of Hearing• Module 62 The Mechanical Senses• • Vestibular Sensation• • Somatosensation• • • Somatosensory Receptors• • • Tickle• • • Somatosensation in the Central Nervous System• • Pain• • • Stimuli and Spinal Cord Paths• • • Emotional Pain• • • Ways of Relieving Pain• • • Sensitization of Pain• • Itch• • IN CLOSING The Mechanical Senses• Module 63 The Chemical Senses• • Chemical Coding• • Taste• • • Taste Receptors• • • How Many Kinds of Taste Receptors• • • Mechanisms of Taste Receptors• • • Taste Coding in the Brain• • • Variations in Taste Sensitivity• • Olfaction• • • Olfactory Receptors• • • Implications for Coding• • • Messages to the Brain• • • Individual Differences• • Pheromones• • Synesthesia• • IN CLOSING Senses as Ways of Knowing the World07 Movement• Module 71 The Control of Movement• • Muscles and Their Movements• • • Fast and Slow Muscles• • • Muscle Control by Proprioceptors• • Units of Movement• • • Voluntary and Involuntary Movements• • • Movements Varying in Sensitivity to Feedback• • • Seuences of Behaviors• • IN CLOSING Categories of Movement• Module 72 Brain Mechanisms of Movement• • The Cerebral Cortex• • • Planning a Movement• • • Inhibiting a Movement• • • Mirror Neurons• • • Connections from the Brain to the Spinal Cord• • The Cerebellum• • • Functions Other than Movement• • • Cellular Organization• • The Basal Ganglia• • Brain Areas and Motor Learning• • Conscious Decisions and Movement• • IN CLOSING Movement Control and Cognition• Module 73 Movement Disorders• • Parkinson's Disease• • • Causes• • • L Dopa Treatment• • • Other Therapies• • Huntington's Disease• • • Heredity and Presymptomatic Testing• • IN CLOSING Heredity and Environment in Movement Disorders08 Wakefulness and Sleep• Module 81 Rhythms of Waking and Sleeping• • Endogenous Rhythms• • Setting and Resetting the Biological Clock• • • Jet Lag• • • Shift Work• • • Morning People and Evening People• • Mechanisms of the Biological Clock• • • The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus SCN• • • How Light Resets the SCN• • • The Biochemistry of the Circadian Rhythm• • • Melatonin• • IN CLOSING Sleep–Wake Cycles• Module 82 Stages of Sleep and Brain Mechanisms• • Sleep and Other Interruptions of Consciousness• • The Stages of Sleep• • Paradoxical or REM Sleep• • Brain Mechanisms of Wakefulness Arousal and Sleep• • • Brain Structures of Arousal and Attention• • • Sleep and the Inhibition of Brain Activity• • Brain Functions in REM Sleep• • Sleep Disorders• • • Sleep Apnea• • • Narcolepsy• • • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder• • • REM Behavior Disorder• • • Night Terrors and Sleepwalking• • IN CLOSING Stages of Sleep• Module 83 Why Sleep Why REM Why Dreams• • Functions of Sleep• • • Sleep and Energy Conservation• • • Analogous to Sleep Hibernation• • • Species Differences in Sleep• • • Sleep and Memory• • Functions of REM Sleep• • Biological Perspectives on Dreaming• • • The Activation Synthesis Hypothesis• • • The Clinico Anatomical Hypothesis• • IN CLOSING Our Limited Self Understanding09 Internal Regulation• Module 91 Temperature Regulation• • Homeostasis and Allostasis• • Controlling Body Temperature• • • Surviving in Extreme Cold• • • The Advantages of Constant High Body Temperature• • • Brain Mechanisms• • • Fever• • IN CLOSING Combining Physiological and Behavioral Mechanisms• Module 92 Thirst• • Mechanisms of Water Regulation• • Osmotic Thirst• • Hypovolemic Thirst and Sodium Specific Hunger• • IN CLOSING The Psychology and Biology of Thirst• Module 93 Hunger• • Digestion and Food Selection• • • Consumption of Dairy Products• • • Food Selection and Behavior• • Short and Long Term Regulation of Feeding• • • Oral Factors• • • The Stomach and Intestines• • • Glucose Insulin and Glucagon• • • Leptin• • Brain Mechanisms• • • The Arcuate Nucleus and Paraventricular Hypothalamus• • • The Lateral Hypothalamus• • • Medial Areas of the Hypothalamus• • Eating Disorders• • • Genetics and Body Weight• • • Weight Loss• • • Bulimia Nervosa• • IN CLOSING The Multiple Controls of Hunger10 Reproductive Behaviors• Module 101 Sex and Hormones• • Organizing Effects of Sex Hormones• • • Sex Differences in the Hypothalamus• • • Sex Differences in Childhood Behavior• • Activating Effects of Sex Hormones• • • Males• • • Females• • • Effects of Sex Hormones on Nonsexual Characteristics• • Parental Behavior• • IN CLOSING Reproductive Behaviors and Motivations• Module 102 Variations in Sexual Behavior• • Evolutionary Interpretations of Mating Behavior• • • Interest in Multiple Mates• • • What Men and Women Seek in a Mate• • • Differences in Jealousy• • • Evolved or Learned• • Gender Identity and Gender Differentiated Behaviors• • • Intersexes• • • Interests and Preferences of CAH Girls• • • Testicular Feminization• • • Issues of Gender Assignment and Rearing• • • Discrepancies of Sexual Appearance• • Sexual Orientation• • • Behavioral and Anatomical Differences• • • Genetics• • • An Evolutionary uestion• • • Prenatal Influences• • • Brain Anatomy• • IN CLOSING We Are Not All the Same11 Emotional Behaviors• Module 111 What Is Emotion• • Emotions and Autonomic Arousal• • • Is Physiological Arousal Necessary for Emotional Feelings• • • Is Physiological Arousal Sufficient for Emotions• • • Is Emotion a Useful Concept• • Do People Have a Limited Number of Basic Emotions• • The Functions of Emotions• • • Emotions and Moral Decisions• • • Decision Making after Brain Damage that Impairs Emotions• • IN CLOSING Emotions and the Nervous System• Module 112 Attack and Escape Behaviors• • Attack Behaviors• • • Effects of Hormones• • • Serotonin Synapses and Aggressive Behavior• • • Heredity and Environment in Violence• • Fear and Anxiety• • • Role of the Amygdala• • • Studies of Rodents• • • Studies of Monkeys• • • Response of the Human Amygdala to Visual Stimuli• • • Individual Differences in Amygdala Response and Anxiety• • • Damage to the Human Amygdala• • Anxiety Disorders• • Relief from Anxiety• • • Pharmacological Relief• • • Alcohol as an Anxiety Reducer• • • Learning to Erase Anxiety• • IN CLOSING Doing Something about Emotions• Module 113 Stress and Health• • Stress and the General Adaptation Syndrome• • Stress and the Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Cortex Axis• • • The Immune System• • • Effects of Stress on the Immune System• • Stress Control• • IN CLOSING Emotions and Body Reactions12 The Biology of Learning and Memory• Module 121 Learning Memory and Amnesia• • Localized Representations of Memory• • • Lashley's Search for the Engram• • • The Modern Search for the Engram• • Types of Memory• • • Short Term and Long Term Memory• • • Our Changing Views of Consolidation• • • Working Memory• • The Hippocampus• • • People with Hippocampal Damage• • • Theories of the Function of the Hippocampus• • Other Types of Amnesia• • • Korsakoff's Syndrome• • • Alzheimer's Disease• • • What Patients with Amnesia Teach Us• • The Basal Ganglia• • Other Brain Areas and Memory• • IN CLOSING Types of Memory• Module 122 Storing Information in the Nervous System• • Blind Alleys and Abandoned Mines• • Learning and the Hebbian Synapse• • Single Cell Mechanisms of Invertebrate Behavior Change• • • Aplysia as an Experimental Animal• • • Habituation in Aplysia• • • Sensitization in Aplysia• • Long Term Potentiation in Vertebrates• • • Biochemical Mechanisms• • Improving Memory• • IN CLOSING The Physiology of MemoryContinued in comments due to Goodreads character limit