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Ιλιάς kindle ↠ 544 pages Download È johnscyclingdiary ☆ [EPUB] ✸ Ιλιάς Author Homer – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk The Iliad is one of the two great epics of Homer and is typically described as one of the greatest war stories of all time but to say the Iliad is a war story does not begin The Iliad is one of the two great epics of Homer and is typically described as one of the greatest war stories of all time but to say the Iliad is a war story does not begin to describe the emotional sweep of its action and characters Achilles Helen Hector and other heroes of Greek myth and history in the tenth and final year of the Greek siege of TroyTwo primary objectives of Herb Jordan's translation of the Iliad have been line for line rendition and readability Most literary translators practicing today would doubt that What I learned from this book in no particular order1 Victory or defeat in ancient Greek wars is primarily the result of marital spats andor petty sibling rivalry in Zeus and Hera’s dysfunctional divine household2 Zeus “the father of gods and men” is a henpecked husband who is also partial to domestic abuse3 If you take a pretty girl who is the daughter of a priest of Apollo as war booty and refuse to have her ransomed Apollo will rain plague on your troops And he won’t be appeased until you return the girl and throw him a ginormous BB party involving hundreds of cattle at his temple4 If an arrow or a spear were thrown at you in battle often than not it would land on your nipple or thereabout Or alternatively it would pierce your helmet and splatter your brain5 Paris is a proper guy’s name not just a name for capital cities or bratty heiresses6 Brad Pitt in man skirt Achilles is the badassest warrior there ever was7 Real men eat red meat specifically a sheep chines; b fat goats; and c the long back cuts of a full grown pig marbled with lard8 The most valuable booty are in no particular order a bronze tripods each worth 12 oxens and armors; b swift war stallions; and c pretty women each worth 4 oxens if also skilled in crafts Lesbians are particularly prized 9 There is nothing glorious for a warrior than to sack enemy cities plunder their wealth kill all their men bed their pretty women and enslave their children 10 The only men who matter are warriors but if you are a woman the range of roles that you could play is rather diverse You could bea a runaway wife who sparks a cosmic battle between your thuggish hubby’s city state and your cowardly boyfriend’s 1;b a war booty with a bad case of Stockholm Syndrome 2;c a manipulative uber bitch who also happens to be a goddess 3;d a long suffering wife and mother 41 Helen 2 Briseis 3 Hera 4 AndromacheBut whatever role you choose to play you will still be the bone of contention between men and the armies that they lead All the major conflicts in the story are triggered by women or specifically by their sexuality Helen’s elopement with Paris launched a thousand Argive ships against Troy; Agamemnon’s desire to bed Briseis Achilles’ lawful prize caused a nearly unhealable rift between them; and Hector’s desire to protect his wife from the dismal fate of being an Argive sex slave inspired him to fight Achilles to the death Homer’s mortal women might be meek and mild but his goddesses can kick ass with the best of them and even occasionally best their male counterparts Zeus is not above being manipulated by Hera and Ares the God of War actually got whacked on the head by Athena Troy Brad Pitt Eric Bana Warner Bros 2004What I find most surprising about the Iliad is the amount of graphic X rated violence that it contains The violence is not the biblical slaying and smiting but something much voyeuristically gory“the one Peneleos lanced beneath the brows down to the eyes' roots and scooped an eyeball out the spear cut clean through the socket out behind the nape and backward down he sat both hands stretched wide as Peneleos uickly drawing his whetted sword hacked him suare in the neck and lopped his head and down on the ground it tumbled helmet and all But the big spear's point still stuck in the eye socketI imagine that this kind of anatomically precise brain splattering gut spilling action scenes made the Iliad popular with the Romans who routinely went to the Colosseum to watch gladiators hack each other to death but there is only so much of it that I could take in one sitting which is why it took me almost three months to finish it It is not that I’m particularly sensitive to fictional death and dismemberment and after all this book is a war book but the sheer amount of such scenes as well as their mind numbing repetitiveness made for tedious reading It doesn’t help that many of these deaths happened to seemingly throwaway characters barely introduced in three or four lines merely to be summarily and gorily dispatched in another half a dozen lines on the same page The Iliad is assumed to be the written version of a much older oral poem and such characters might represent collective memories of real Bronze Age warriors but by Zeus hundreds of pages of them being hacked cleaved and skewered to death almost did me inNow what is the purpose of such meticulously catalogued carnage? Was Homer trying to present War with all its attendant horrors to shock his audience into pacifism? Or was the old guy just trying to write an 8th century BCE euivalent of a blockbuster action adventure movie with enough gore to satisfy his young male demographic? The Iliad both celebrates and laments the warrior spirit the haughty pride and terrible thirst for vengeance and plunder that set men to distant shores intent on razing cities and putting its inhabitants to slaughter but also the stark tragic conseuences of such acts I actually find the gods’ politicking and manipulations interesting than the actual war The Greek gods are blissfully free of any human notion of morality which makes the problem of theodicy much simpler to solve than in the Judeo Christian model The Olympian gods do not move in mysterious ways they are moved by caprice and petty grievances Why did we suffer such an ignominious defeat despite all that we had done to win Zeus’ favor? Well it happened that just before the battle was about to begin Hera seduced him and subseuently put him to sleep with the help of Hypnos whom she bribed with one of the Graces A perfectly logical and very human explanationThe story gets much interesting in the last five books The Olympian gods entered into the fray and the effect is sometimes like watching WWE SmackDown “Bloody Ares lunged at it now with giant lance and Athena backed away her powerful hand heftinga boulder off the plain black jagged a ton weightthat men in the old days planted there to make off plowland Pallas hurled that boundary stone at Ares struck his neckloosed his limbs and down he crashed and out over seven acressprawled the enormous god and his mane dragged in the dust”Or maybe an episode of Super Friends “How do you have the gall you shameless bitchto stand and fight me here? But since you’d like a lesson in warfare Artemisjust to learn to savor how much stronger I amwhen you engage my power “The gods are “deathless” so you know that there won’t be any lasting harm from their catfight but the cost of battle to all too mortal men is heavy indeed This was a time when war was as elemental as they come no mercy was shown to the enemy on the battlefield save one that pertained to a warrior’s honor which was to be buried with full honors by his family and comrades When mighty “stallion breaking” Hector finally succumbed to Achilles in a strangely anticlimactic duel his father Priam went to Achilles’ camp and“kneeling down beside Achilles clasped his kneesand kissed his hands those terrible man killing handsthat had slaughtered Priam’s many sons in battle”Troy’s old king begged for his son’s body and in the magnificent poignant last book Homer showed us the real cost of war both on the vanuished and the triumphant By the will of the gods Achilles’ death would soon follow his destiny was ultimately no different from the rest of tragic humanity fated to suffer and die by callous immoral gods for causes that were entirely beyond their ken“So the immortals spun our lives that we we wretched menlive on to bear such torments “

ePub ´ ☆ Homer

Ries“Jordan has produced a very readable Iliad that moves uickly and fluidly Without descending into the overly prosaic his rhythm establishes a fine pace for Homer's narrative The translation succeeds at both capturing what Matthew Arnold called the ‘general effect of Homer’ and doing so in an accessible style Bruce S Thornton Professor of Classics and Humanities at California State University in Fresno is the author of numerous essays and reviews on Greek culture and seven books including A Student's Guide to Classi At my college graduation the speaker was a gruff professor He was one of those older men whom people somewhat patronizingly describe as a teddy bear to convey the idea that while he looks like Santa Claus they wouldn’t be surprised to see him arraigned on assault charges at the local courthouse I liked this professor in general and his graduation speech was a grand warm congratulations on a crisp early summer day He decided to inform us however that anyone who had not read The Iliad and The Odyssey should not be graduating from college I was one of those lucky lucky? folks like an illiterate kid graduating from high school I decided to rectify the situation as soon as possible and I spent an indefinite number of hours in the next few sunny weeks laying in a hammock on my porch the boy I loved commiserating with me about this wonderful book It is a warm sharp memory That was mumble mumble years ago and this summer I thought that since I just graduated again I would read it again It was a good choice Warm summer days in the hammock with limb chopping flashing helms and mountain goats rushing down the hillsideI can’t find this uote I’m thinking of but I’m pretty sure it’s from Beowulf and it goes something like “Brave men should seek fame in foreign lands” Google does not think that uote exists so maybe I dreamed it which is really neither here nor there but kind of weird Something about that uote about this book and about the way this book reminds me of that uote makes my blood beat close to my skin I get this feeling that my heart grows too big for my ribs and my eyeballs get tight as though I’m going to cry But my heart doesn’t pound and no tears comeThat is how this book feels to meThis story is about what Homer doesn’t describe as much as what he does and reading it evokes some kind of mirroring response from my body The Iliad is the almost death of Achilles the almost destruction of Troy and reading it is an almost panic attack an almost sob It is the absent top step in a flight of stairs But oh man that flight of stairs How do you even make that? It’s not possible to spoil this story because Homer is always one step ahead tripping you up about what story he’s telling So just because I think it’s fun and also because it seems kind of absurd to write a “review” of The Iliad so I’m wandering in the dark here I’m going to give a brief summaryThis story is about a bunch of guys fighting over some women fleshlights and jewelry Mostly the women fleshlights Everyone’s been at this war for nine years sidebar weirdly when I read that it was nine years I thought “NINE YEARS? WHO WOULD FIGHT A WAR FOR THAT LONG? Oh wait ” As you probably know the war initially started because Paris a Trojan stole Helen who was the iPhone 5 of fleshlights from Menelaus an Argive The Argives are at their ships; the Trojans are in Ilium behind the city walls There’s lots of blood and guts and pillaging throughout This story Homer clearly tells us is about Paris and Helen’s betrayal of Menelaus and it is about the death of Achilles The story opens with Agamemnon the king of the Argives having stolen a fancy new fleshlight from Achilles who is a child of a water nymph Achilles refuses to continue fighting if Agamemnon is going to take his fleshlight Then Achilles has this beautiful beautiful moment where he uestions the very nature of fighting over fleshlights We are all pawns in the petty suabbles of the godsThe gods are easily my favorite parts of this story though it is not really about them in a certain way It is not really about them in the way that any discussion of a god is not really about the god On the one hand it is about how our lives are just pawns in this suabbling incestuous eternal Thanksgiving dinner in the sky On the other hand it is still about the pawns The gods are compelling on their own but my heart tries to escape my chest not because of their story but because yes humans do live and die by some kind of petty lottery run by a rapist married to his sister Yes And maybe there is someone bold and wonderful in the sky like the grey eyed Athena but we still live and die by the thunder of a maniacal drunk uncle Yes that seems trueSo in the midst of the chopping of limbs the shatteringly beautiful similes death after death and the machinations of the dysfunctional immortal family this story is about the betrayal of Menelaus and the death of Achilles The thing that is absolutely hands down the most insane about this story to me is that those two events are deeply vivid in my mind in connection to this book but neither of them actually happens here How is that possible? How do you plant enough seeds about an event in a reader’s mind that when she closes a book those seeds grow into whole robust images about the event? My blood does that thing where it tries to get out of my skin just from thinking about that I can picture Achilles's death so vividly picture lying in that hammock and reading it after I graduated from college but that never happened Homer just planted the seeds of his death in my brain and they grew from my constant pondering over them Helen and Paris sailing away grew in my mind through Helen’s beautiful regretsThis is a story that I could think about for days Helen’s mourning like the women I’ve seen apologize for causing their husbands’ abuse no you didn’t cause this; war and the futility of killing each other as though we are controlled by the Kardashians of the sky What causes violence? We say women cause violence because they push our buttons so we’re driven to maim and kill because of the betrayals and button pushing We say that something eternal God or the gods cause violence because they control our fate they appear to us as birds and as wisdom and lead us on our night blind path of life but they lead us erratically drunk hysterical drivers and us with no seat belt so we grasp for mere survival Homer describes those motivations for violence so beautifullyBut ultimately I think that is all bullshit and I think the bullshitness of it is there in this story too It is there in Achilles challenging Agamemnon It is there in Achilles mourning Patroclus Oh Patroclus about whom I haven’t even freaked in this review What a shame Anyway though people are not violent because we were betrayed or because of supernatural trickery Our violence is ours; it is our choice and our responsibility Life is barbarous and cruel around us but that is its nature and we can only shape ourselves through and around it When we expect life to be gentle and obedient we are usually doing nothing than justifying our own cruelty I don’t think there is an answer to any of this in The Iliad but it is beautifully told in both the positive and negative space It is blood poundingly eye achingly told As my professor said everyone should read this and if you can read it in the sun lying in a hammock after your graduation all the better

Homer ☆ Ιλιάς book

ΙλιάςSuch a thing could be achieved within the confines of the blank verse line that predominates in English but Jordan has made an Anglo American Iliad of remarkable immediacy and energy It nevertheless retains that slight flavor of cultural remoteness without which no translation of so ancient a text can be believed It is a splendid achievement Henry Taylor winner of the Pulitzer Prize for poetry is Professor Emeritus of Literature at American University His translation of Sophocles' Electra appeared in the Penn Greek Drama se Ἰλιάς The Iliad Homer The Iliad is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter traditionally attributed to Homer Set during the Trojan War the ten year siege of the city of Troy Ilium by a coalition of Greek states it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a uarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior AchillesCharacters Ajax Odysseus Helen of Troy Menelaus Paris Hector Achilles Agamemnon Aeneas Sarpedon Priam Cassandra Patroclus Diomedes Ajax Oileus Andromache Briseis Hecuba Nestor Akhilleusتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز نخست ماه ژانویه سال 1973میلادیعنوان ایلیاد؛ شاعر هومر؛ مترجم سعید نفیسی؛ تهران، بنگاه ترجمه و نشر کتاب، 1334؛ در 720ص؛ موضوع داستان جنگ تروا سده 08پیش از میلادعنوان ایلیاد؛ شاعر هومر، مترجم میرجلال الدین کزّازی؛ تهران، نشر مرکز، 1377؛ در 579ص؛ شابک 9643053865؛ چاپ دوم 1381؛ چاپ پنجم 1385؛ چاپ ششم 1387؛ شابک 9789643053864؛ موضوع داستانهای کهن از نویسندگان یونانی سده 08پیش از میلاداثر حماسی از «هومر»، شاعر نابینای یونانی ست، داستان جنگ «تروا»، بخاطر ربودن «هلن»، زن زیباروی «منلاس»، یکی از فرمانروایان یونان، به دست «پاریس» پسر «پریام»، شاه «ایلیون تروا» است، خواستگاران «هلن»، باهم پیمان بسته بودند، که چنانچه گزندی به «هلن» رسید، شوی او را برای مکافات مجرم یاری دهند؛ از اینروی سپاهی بزرگ، به فرماندهی «آگاممنون»، و با حضور پهلوانانی همچون «آشیل»، «اولیس»، «پاتروکل»، «آیاس آژاکس »و؛ آراستند، و به سوی شهر «تروا» روانه شدند، تا «هلن» را از «پاریس» بازپس بگیرند؛ سپاهیان یونان، ده سال «تروا» را محاصره کردند، ولی با رشادتهای پهلوانان «تروا»، به ویژه «هکتور» بزرگترین پسر شاه، و برادر «پاریس»، و پشتیبانی خدایانی همچون «زئوس»، «آفرودیت»، و «آپولون» طرفی نبستند؛ در آن سالها «آشیل»، بزرگوارترین پشتوانه ی یونانیان با «آگاممنون» اختلاف داشت، جبهه را رها کرده، و در گوشه ای، به همراه یاران خویش، نبرد را تماشا میکرد؛ تا اینکه «پاتروکل» پسرعموی «آشیل»، با لباس و جنگ ابزار آسمانی «آشیل»، به نبرد رفت؛ ولی با نیرنگ «زئوس»، و دشمنی «آپولون»، و دیگر خدایان هوادار «تروا»، «پاتروکل» شکست خورد، و به دست «هکتور» کشته شد؛ «آشیل» از آن رویداد خشمگین شد، و اختلافش با «آگاممنون» را کنار بگذاشت، و پس از تشییع جنازه ی «پاتروکل»، به نبرد تن به تن با «هکتور» پرداخت، و او را شکست دادسپس به جنازه ی «هکتور» بی احترامی روا داشت، و آنرا با خود به اردوگاه یونانیان آورد؛ «پریام» شاه «تروا»، به یاری خدایان، شبانه خود را به اردوگاه «آشیل» رساند، و با زاری از او درخواست کرد، که جنازه ی پسرش را به او برگردانند، تا بتواند مراسمی در خور بزرگی پهلوان حماسه ساز ترتیب دهد؛ پس از گفتگوی بسیار، «آشیل» پذیرفت؛ داستان «ایلیاد» اثر «هومر»، با توصیف سوزاندن «هکتور» در «تروا»، و به سوگ نشستن مردمان شهر، برای «هکتور» به پایان میرسد؛ در کتاب «ایلیاد»، و همچنین در کتاب دیگر «هومر» «اودیسه»، هرگز اشاره و سخنی از نحوه ی پایان نبرد «تروا»، و سرنوشت تراژیک «آشیل» نیست؛ داستانهای «اسب تروا»، در آثار نویسندگان رومی، همچون «ویرژیل»، و «اووید» آمده است، و افسانه ی رویین تن بودن «آشیل» و ماجرای پاشنه ی «آشیل» او را نیز، که به مرگش میانجامد، شاعر «رمی» سده ی نخست میلادی «استاتیوس»، در کتاب خود با عنوان «آشیلید»، برای نخستین بار آراسته، و به آن داستان، پرداخته استتاریخ بهنگام رسانی 28061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی